Parenting services Parenting is one of the most important tasks we undertake but it doesn't always come naturally Growth and development Child development 7 - three to four years Your child is starting to understand social skills like sharing and being kind, but they can only practise these skills for a short time while feeling safe and happy Children's feet and shoes A child learning to walk receives important sensory information from the soles of their feet, and shoes can make walking more difficult Dyslexia Dyslexia is a type of specific learning difficulty SLD in which the person has difficulties with language and words Growing pains Growing pains may cause a lot of pain but they are harmless and can respond to simple treatments Growth and development - primary school children Always see your doctor if you are concerned about your child's growth or weight Growth hormone Some athletes and bodybuilders wrongly believe that taking synthetic growth hormone will help build up their muscles Immunisation history statements for children By law, parents or guardians must provide an Immunisation History Statement when enrolling children in any childcare service, kindergarten or primary school in Victoria Left-handedness If your child is naturally left-handed, don't try to force them to use their right hand Puberty Adjusting to the many changes that happen around puberty can be difficult for both parents and young people Teeth development in children Teething symptoms are common in children and can be managed without medications Behaviour and learning 10 tips for managing sibling rivalry Teach your children to sort out minor differences themselves Anxiety and fear in children You can help your child overcome anxiety by taking their fears seriously and encouraging them to talk about their feelings Bullying Parents can help with bullying by supporting their child and involving the authorities to find solutions Children and literacy Your child is literate if they know how to speak, read and write their language with confidence Children and shyness If your child's shyness is especially debilitating, you may like to consider professional help from a counsellor or psychologist Children and sibling rivalry Sibling rivalry is a common problem, particularly among children who are the same sex and close together in age Conduct disorder Children with untreated conduct disorder are at increased risk of problems including substance use, personality disorders and mental illnesses Cyberbullying online bullying Cyberbullying or online bullying happens when technology is used to bully someone Discipline and children Disciplining your child means teaching them responsible behaviour and self-control Expressive language disorder Expressive language disorder means that a child has difficulty with verbal, written or other information Oppositional defiant disorder ODD Oppositional defiant disorder is a childhood behavioural problem characterised by constant disobedience and hostility Peer pressure Peer groups can be a very positive influence on your teenager's life Receptive language disorder Receptive language disorder means the child has difficulties with understanding what is said to them Sleep - children and nightmares Your child may have only a few scary dreams a year, or be troubled by nightmares much more often Young children and communication Children thrive with words of encouragement and praise Healthy eating Body image and diets Some people diet because they have a poor body image, not because they want to be a healthy weight Breakfast Children who skip breakfast may lack sufficient vitamins and minerals including iron, calcium, zinc and vitamin B Childcare and healthy eating Childcare centres should provide healthy meals for your children Children's diet - fruit and vegetables If you eat and enjoy fruit and vegetables every day, your child may eventually follow your lead Eating tips for preschoolers Children are able to decide how much food they need for activity and growth if allowed to eat according to their appetite Food for sport - tucker talk tips Carbohydrate is the most important nutrient for athletes Healthy eating — school lunches Simple ways to make your child's school lunch healthier Healthy eating tips A good balance between exercise and food intake is important to maintain a healthy body weight Lunch boxes - healthy ideas Healthy foods that are great for school lunch boxes Lunch boxes - healthy shopping ideas video Victorian State Public Health Nutritionist Veronica Graham takes us shopping for the right foods to include in your childs lunchbox Lunch boxes - how to make them healthy video Victorian State Public Health Nutritionist Veronica Graham shares three healthy and delicious lunchbox examples for the kids and provides some great food preparation tips to save you time throughout Lunch boxes - menu planner By planning ahead, you can make sure that your child's lunch box has each of the six key elements of a healthy lunchbox Lunch box tips Encourage children to help choose and prepare their own healthy snack or lunch Soft drinks, juice and sweet drinks - children Encourage children to drink and enjoy water.
Sticking to New Year's resolutions New Year's resolutions and how to stick to them Vegetarian diets and children Children can eat a vegetarian diet and stay healthy as long as their extra nutritional needs are met Keeping active Children — keeping them active A young child is naturally active, so build upon their inclinations to use their body Gardening for children Children can learn new skills, have fun and develop self-confidence when they grow their own plants Healthy active Koori kids - tucker talk tips Good nutrition and physical exercise help to keep Koori kids healthy and avoid diseases when they get older Parent's guide for active girls Physical activity is an important part of health and wellbeing, and girls should remain active as they grow up Sport and children Make sure that some family outings offer opportunities for physical activity, such as playing sport together Obesity in children - causes Once children are overweight, it takes a lot of effort for them to return to a healthy weight Obesity in children - management If your child is overweight, you can help by making healthier lifestyle choices for yourself Overweight children - healthy lifestyle tips You can help your child to develop healthy patterns for life and avoid obesity Childhood immunisation Being immunised from an early age helps protect your child against serious childhood infections Child safety in the car Taking care to restrain children correctly while travelling in a car is the best way to prevent injuries Dental checks for young children Children should have an oral health check by the time they turn two Immunisation in secondary schools Some immunisations are recommended for all Australian teenagers Pain management acute - children If you think your child is in pain, always see your doctor for diagnosis and treatment Identity and relationships 10 tips for managing sibling rivalry Teach your children to sort out minor differences themselves Body image and diets Some people diet because they have a poor body image, not because they want to be a healthy weight Body image and young people - staying positive video The pressure on young girls and boys to be physically perfect is creating an epidemic of children and teenagers with low self-esteem and negative body image.
Body image — tips for parents Give your child opportunities to appreciate their body for what it can do, rather than what it looks like Family violence and children Children exposed to domestic violence are more likely to experience emotional and behavioural problems Health conditions and complaints Asthma explained Asthma cannot be cured, but with good management people with asthma can lead normal, active lives Asthma in childhood - triggers video Parents and children talk about some of the factors that can cause a child's asthma to flare up Asthma in children Understanding asthma triggers for your child can help to reduce the risk of an asthma attack Back pain in children Children with back pain may grow into adults with chronic bad backs, so it is important to encourage sensible back care Bedwetting Bedwetting is a problem for many children and punishing them for it will only add to their distress Children and vomiting Mild vomiting is normal in most babies and improves over time Constipation and children A healthy diet, plenty of fluids, exercise and regular toilet habits can help relieve constipation in children Diabetes - issues for children and teenagers Many parents worry when their child with diabetes starts or returns to school Fever - children Fever is a way in which the body fights infection.
Gastroenteritis in children Gastroenteritis or Gastro can be dangerous for very young babies. Head lice nits No product can prevent head lice, but regular checks can help prevent the spread Pinworms Despite the unsavoury reputation, a pinworm infection worms is relatively harmless and easily treated Safety Animals and child safety Children should always be closely supervised near animals and taught how to behave safely around pets Bicycle safety and children As they grow and develop, and with the help of adults, children become increasingly aware of how they can manage their own safety and become safer road and bicycle users Burns and scalds - children Most hot tap water scald injuries to children happen in the bathroom Child safety and injury prevention By making a few practical changes to your home, you can dramatically reduce the risk of injury to your child Child safety — at home The best way to reduce the risk of injury to children is to remove a potentially dangerous item or add a safety product Farm safety — children Children who live on farms are at greater risk of injury and death than their parents or other farm workers Hot weather and child safety Babies and children can quickly lose body fluids in hot weather, which can lead to dehydration Internet safety for children A child's digital footprint can be as easy to follow as their real footprints Mobile phone safety for children Teach your child strategies for responding to mobile phone bullying Playgrounds and child safety Play environments can be safe and beneficial for your child.
Poisoning and child safety Call the Poisons Information Centre on 13 11 26 immediately if you suspect your child has been poisoned or given the wrong medicine or the wrong dose of medicine Road and traffic safety for children As they grow and develop, and with the help of adults, children become increasingly aware of how they can manage their own safety, and become safer road users Scooters and child safety Scooters can travel at fast speeds and falls and collisions are disturbingly common Water safety for children Toddlers are most at risk of drowning because they are mobile and curious but don't understand the danger of water Grief and trauma Child Protection Service Child Protection provides child-centred, family-focused services to protect children from harm caused by abuse within the family Grief and children It can be difficult to talk to a child about death, but it is important to be honest with them Grief — support services People who have support from family and friends are less likely to suffer poor health after bereavement and loss Recent arrivals, asylum seekers and family support services Provides an overview of family support programs and health services available to refugees and asylum seekers living in Victoria Trauma and children - two to five years Preschoolers may not have the words but will show their distress at traumatic events through changes in behaviour and functioning Trauma and primary school age children Children look to their parents or carers to judge how to deal with a crisis Trauma and teenagers - tips for parents Teenagers may turn to friends rather than parents for support in times of trauma and distress Related Information.
Asthma explained Asthma cannot be cured, but with good management people with asthma can lead normal, active lives Related information on other websites.
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Child and Youth Health. We know today that this is not true.
The name has remained despite our new understanding of these pains. We do not know the cause of growing pains, but there are several theories. Many children with these pains are very flexible hypermobile with flat feet.
Some children with these pains have a low pain threshold and may also have headaches and abdominal pain. One study found that children with these pains have less bone strength than the normal population. Therefore, pain on a day of increased physical activity may mean the child may have pain from "overuse" of the legs. Growing pains occur mostly in the legs shins, calves, behind the knees or thighs , and affect both sides of the body. The pain appears late in the day or at night, often awakening the child. By morning the child is well, with no pain or stiffness.
Growing pains tend to affect both legs and occur at night, and may even wake a child from sleep.
- What causes growing pains?.
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Although these pains are called growing pains, there's no evidence that growth hurts. Growing pains may be linked to a lowered pain threshold or, in some cases, to psychological issues.
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There's no specific treatment for growing pains. You can make your child more comfortable by putting a warm heating pad on the sore muscles and massaging them. Growing pains usually cause an aching or throbbing feeling in the legs. This pain often occurs in the front of the thighs, the calves or behind the knees. Usually both legs hurt.
What to do when your child has growing pains
Some children may also experience abdominal pain or headaches during episodes of growing pains. The pain doesn't occur every day. It comes and goes. Growing pains often strike in the late afternoon or early evening and disappear by morning.
Sometimes the pain awakens a child in the middle of the night. Growing pains don't usually happen where growth is occurring or during times of rapid growth. It's been suggested that growing pains may be linked to restless legs syndrome.
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