While on board, Tom meets and befriends a young white girl named Eva.
Eva's father Augustine St. Clare buys Tom from the slave trader and takes him with the family to their home in New Orleans. Tom and Eva begin to relate to one another because of the deep Christian faith they both share. During Eliza's escape, she meets up with her husband George Harris, who had run away previously.
They decide to attempt to reach Canada. However, they are tracked by a slave hunter named Tom Loker. Eventually Loker and his men trap Eliza and her family, causing George to shoot him in the side. Worried that Loker may die, Eliza convinces George to bring the slave hunter to a nearby Quaker settlement for medical treatment. Back in New Orleans , St. Clare debates slavery with his Northern cousin Ophelia who, while opposing slavery, is prejudiced against black people.
Clare, however, believes he is not biased, even though he is a slave owner.
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In an attempt to show Ophelia that her views on blacks are wrong, St. Clare purchases Topsy, a young black slave, and asks Ophelia to educate her. After Tom has lived with the St. Clares for two years, Eva grows very ill. Before she dies she experiences a vision of heaven , which she shares with the people around her. As a result of her death and vision, the other characters resolve to change their lives, with Ophelia promising to throw off her personal prejudices against blacks, Topsy saying she will better herself, and St.
Clare pledging to free Tom. Before St. Clare can follow through on his pledge, however, he dies after being stabbed outside of a tavern. His wife reneges on her late husband's vow and sells Tom at auction to a vicious plantation owner named Simon Legree. Legree a transplanted northerner takes Tom and Emmeline whom Legree purchased at the same time to rural Louisiana , where they meet Legree's other slaves. Legree begins to hate Tom when Tom refuses Legree's order to whip his fellow slave. Legree beats Tom viciously and resolves to crush his new slave's faith in God.
Despite Legree's cruelty, however, Tom refuses to stop reading his Bible and comforting the other slaves as best he can. While at the plantation, Tom meets Cassy, another of Legree's slaves. Cassy was previously separated from her son and daughter when they were sold; unable to endure the pain of seeing another child sold, she killed her third child. At this point Tom Loker returns to the story.
Loker has changed as the result of being healed by the Quakers. George, Eliza, and Harry have also obtained their freedom after crossing into Canada. In Louisiana, Uncle Tom almost succumbs to hopelessness as his faith in God is tested by the hardships of the plantation. However, he has two visions, one of Jesus and one of Eva, which renew his resolve to remain a faithful Christian, even unto death.
He encourages Cassy to escape, which she does, taking Emmeline with her. As Tom is dying, he forgives the overseers who savagely beat him. Humbled by the character of the man they have killed, both men become Christians. Very shortly before Tom's death, George Shelby Arthur Shelby's son arrives to buy Tom's freedom but finds he is too late.
On their boat ride to freedom, Cassy and Emmeline meet George Harris' sister and accompany her to Canada. Cassy discovers that Eliza is her long-lost daughter who was sold as a child. Now that their family is together again, they travel to France and eventually Liberia , the African nation created for former American slaves. George Shelby returns to the Kentucky farm and frees all his slaves.
George tells them to remember Tom's sacrifice and his belief in the true meaning of Christianity. Uncle Tom, the title character, was initially seen as a noble, long-suffering Christian slave. In more recent years, however, his name has become an epithet directed towards African-Americans who are accused of selling out to whites. Stowe intended Tom to be a "noble hero"  and praiseworthy person. Throughout the book, far from allowing himself to be exploited, Tom stands up for his beliefs and is grudgingly admired even by his enemies.
Eliza is a slave and personal maid to Mrs. Shelby who escapes to the North with her five-year-old son Harry after he is sold to Mr. According to Rankin, in February a young slave woman, Eliza Harris, had escaped across the frozen Ohio River to the town of Ripley with her child in her arms and stayed at his house on her way further north. Evangeline St. Clare is the daughter of Augustine St. Eva enters the narrative when Uncle Tom is traveling via steamship to New Orleans to be sold, and he rescues the five- or six-year-old girl from drowning.
Eva begs her father to buy Tom, and he becomes the head coachman at the St. Clare house. He spends most of his time with the angelic Eva. Eva often talks about love and forgiveness, convincing the dour slave girl Topsy that she deserves love. She even touches the heart of her Aunt Ophelia. Eventually Eva falls terminally ill. Before dying, she gives a lock of her hair to each of the slaves, telling them that they must become Christians so that they may see each other in Heaven.
On her deathbed, she convinces her father to free Tom, but because of circumstances the promise never materializes. Cozans—although this ironically was an anti-Tom novel. Simon Legree is a cruel slave owner—a Northerner by birth—whose name has become synonymous with greed.
He is arguably the novel's main antagonist. His goal is to demoralize Tom and break him of his religious faith; he eventually orders Tom whipped to death out of frustration for his slave's unbreakable belief in God.
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The novel reveals that, as a young man, he had abandoned his sickly mother for a life at sea and ignored her letter to see her one last time at her deathbed. He sexually exploits Cassy, who despises him, and later sets his designs on Emmeline. It is unclear if Legree is based on any actual individuals. Reports surfaced after the s that Stowe had in mind a wealthy cotton and sugar plantation owner named Meredith Calhoun , who settled on the Red River north of Alexandria, Louisiana.
Generally, however, the personal characteristics of Calhoun "highly educated and refined" do not match the uncouthness and brutality of Legree. Calhoun even edited his own newspaper, published in Colfax originally "Calhoun's Landing" , which was renamed The National Democrat after Calhoun's death. However, Calhoun's overseers may have been in line with the hated Legree's methods and motivations.
Uncle Tom's Cabin is dominated by a single theme: the evil and immorality of slavery. Stowe sometimes changed the story's voice so she could give a " homily " on the destructive nature of slavery  such as when a white woman on the steamboat carrying Tom further south states, "The most dreadful part of slavery, to my mind, is its outrages of feelings and affections—the separating of families, for example. Stowe made it somewhat subtle and in some cases she weaved it into events that would also support the dominant theme.
One example of this is when Augustine St. Clare is killed, he attempted to stop a brawl between two inebriated men in a cafe and was stabbed. One other example is the death of the slave woman Prue who was whipped to death for being drunk on a consistent basis; however, her reasons for doing so is due to the loss of her baby. In the opening of the novel, the fates of Eliza and her son are being discussed between slave owners over wine.
Considering that Stowe intended this to be a subtheme, this scene could foreshadow future events that put alcohol in a bad light. Because Stowe saw motherhood as the "ethical and structural model for all of American life"  and also believed that only women had the moral authority to save  the United States from the demon of slavery, another major theme of Uncle Tom's Cabin is the moral power and sanctity of women.
Through characters like Eliza, who escapes from slavery to save her young son and eventually reunites her entire family , or Eva, who is seen as the "ideal Christian",  Stowe shows how she believed women could save those around them from even the worst injustices. Stowe's puritanical religious beliefs show up in the novel's final, overarching theme—the exploration of the nature of Christianity  and how she feels Christian theology is fundamentally incompatible with slavery.
Clare to "look away to Jesus" after the death of St. Clare's beloved daughter Eva. Uncle Tom's Cabin is written in the sentimental  and melodramatic style common to 19th-century sentimental novels  and domestic fiction also called women's fiction. These genres were the most popular novels of Stowe's time and tended to feature female main characters and a writing style which evoked a reader's sympathy and emotion. Georgiana May, a friend of Stowe's, wrote a letter to the author, saying: "I was up last night long after one o'clock, reading and finishing Uncle Tom's Cabin.
I could not leave it any more than I could have left a dying child. Despite this positive reaction from readers, for decades literary critics dismissed the style found in Uncle Tom's Cabin and other sentimental novels because these books were written by women and so prominently featured "women's sloppy emotions.
Whicher called Uncle Tom's Cabin " Sunday-school fiction", full of "broadly conceived melodrama, humor, and pathos. She also said that the popular domestic novels of the 19th century, including Uncle Tom's Cabin , were remarkable for their "intellectual complexity, ambition, and resourcefulness"; and that Uncle Tom's Cabin offers a "critique of American society far more devastating than any delivered by better-known critics such as Hawthorne and Melville. This view remains the subject of dispute. Writing in , legal scholar Richard Posner described Uncle Tom's Cabin as part of the mediocre list of canonical works that emerges when political criteria are imposed on literature.
Uncle Tom's Cabin has exerted an influence equaled by few other novels in history. As a best-seller, the novel heavily influenced later protest literature. Uncle Tom's Cabin outraged people in the American South. Acclaimed Southern novelist William Gilmore Simms declared the work utterly false,  while others called the novel criminal and slanderous. Some critics highlighted Stowe's paucity of life-experience relating to Southern life, saying that it led her to create inaccurate descriptions of the region.
For instance, she had never been to a Southern plantation. However, Stowe always said she based the characters of her book on stories she was told by runaway slaves in Cincinnati. It is reported that "She observed firsthand several incidents which galvanized her to write [the] famous anti-slavery novel.
Scenes she observed on the Ohio River, including seeing a husband and wife being sold apart, as well as newspaper and magazine accounts and interviews, contributed material to the emerging plot. In response to these criticisms, in Stowe published A Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin , an attempt to document the veracity of the novel's depiction of slavery. In the book, Stowe discusses each of the major characters in Uncle Tom's Cabin and cites "real life equivalents" to them while also mounting a more "aggressive attack on slavery in the South than the novel itself had.
However, while Stowe claimed A Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin documented her previously consulted sources, she actually read many of the cited works only after the publication of her novel. Thus, Stowe put more than slavery on trial; she put the law on trial. This continued an important theme of Uncle Tom's Cabin —that the shadow of law brooded over the institution of slavery and allowed owners to mistreat slaves and then avoid punishment for their mistreatment. In some cases, as Stowe pointed out, it even prevented kind owners from freeing their slaves.
Despite these criticisms, the novel still captured the imagination of many Americans. According to Stowe's son, when Abraham Lincoln met her in Lincoln commented, "So this is the little lady who started this great war. Uncle Tom's Cabin also created great interest in the United Kingdom.
Shelley explores the moral and societal dilemmas of scientific exploration and the ethics and responsibilities that stem from it. A Door into Ocean by Joan Slonczewski This book, along with the four other books in Elysium Cycle, hit all of my favorite notes for summer reading: world-building sci-fi, alternative political structures, artificial intelligence and merwomen. The author is a biology professor at Earlham and a practicing Quaker, so get ready for eco-feminist sci-fi with an anarchist bent. The first book explores a planet where women have created technologies to heal all diseases, and the second one Daughter of Elysium explores the same planet hosting a new culture that has developed ways to live forever assisted by some pretty sassy AI.
Each essay, while distinctly different in topic, either focuses on or eventually comes around to issues of race and motherhood and history, making the book thoughtfully cohesive. And because many of the essays take you places — such as Alaska, Maine, Ghana — the book reads as a travel collection as well, so I love it for summer reading. The Imam and the Indian by Amitav Ghosh These 15 short essays are on topics ranging from a fancy fundraising dinner in New York City to life in rural Egypt and everything in between. Ghosh is many things, but above all he is a social anthropologist par excellence.
These are simple stories, beautifully narrated and each a window into a time and place far away. What I find most amazing about this book is that every essay leaves you with a thought or a question or a perspective about the world, humanity or us as individuals that is unbelievably simple and yet very powerful. Daemon Voices: Essays on Storytelling by Philip Pullman These 30 essays, written over two decades by the author of many books including the Dark Materials trilogy, cover the craft of storytelling.
I found that Pullman writing about how he writes his stories was almost as good as his original stories themselves. If you get bored with your beach read this summer and want to find something relevant to read on your phone, go here.
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Sharp: The Women Who Made an Art of Having an Opinion by Michelle Dean This book is an eclectic collection of biographies of some of my favorite writers, held together by the common set of challenges that they faced as women. Through numerous real-life examples of high achievers, she examines the idea that they possess a combination of passion and perseverance — not just talent. This book really resonated with me, a person who sees herself as possessing grit. It made me recognize that much of my success in athletics, work and life has been due to my effort and unrelenting determination, despite my not being the fastest or most talented.
I hope that I can teach my own daughter to have grit. In this book, author Hurston offered me a new perspective of freedom, emancipation and the belief in humanity. These days, I find myself hungering for not just hope in general but for gritty insights into the persistence, imperfection, self-doubt and creativity that are part of forging a better world. Gandhi had it all, and no one tells the story like Lelyveld. This book is important because many people today are not even aware that there is a disability rights movement.
It also explores how aboriginal cultures have survived for thousands of years because of their way of life, which is unlike our modern civilization that has pushed us to the edge of survival. This dictionary of bird sounds and mnemonics will make you sensitive to the funny paradox of transcribing the amazing variety of bird sounds into human words and to the limitation of verbal elements in animal and human voices. Containing beautiful pictures of different Japanese forests, the book talks about the healing power of trees.
Backed by scientific research, Li discusses the remedy they can provide for many of our everyday problems. The author is a forest medicine doctor, and I consider this book a must-read for every urban dweller. They can talk to each other over huge distances, help each other when they get sick, and display individual character. Reading this book was an important first step towards learning what this kind of work and life is really like. Tribal Leadership: Leveraging Natural Groups to Build a Thriving Organization by Dave Logan, John King and Halee Fischer-Wright One of the most challenging, rewarding and surprising things about being a professor is how much of your thought, time and energy is spent building and leading a team.
Highlight your ability, not your experience. Chaos Monkeys: Obscene Fortune and Random Failure in Silicon Valley by Antonio Garcia Martinez The book is full of really cool anecdotes from Silicon Valley, and they range from the very informative to the amusing and just plain absurd. The author worked at Facebook, joined YCombinator, and sold his company to Twitter, and he offers a fun peek inside Silicon Valley, ad tech, and the ups and downs of startups.
This epic tome discusses the most important and difficult problem that humankind has ever faced: How would we control an intelligence greater than our own? And, most important, can we solve this problem in time? Automating Inequality: How High-Tech Tools Profile, Police and Punish the Poor by Virginia Eubanks This book showcases the dark side of our beloved technologies and digital decision-making systems such as credit scores and insurance co-pays. This is a short read but a great look at some key future thinkers throughout history.
Through delightfully written case studies, Montfort makes the argument that the future can be made and not predicted. This is a highly readable and thought-provoking book, regardless of your stance on UBI. Wonder by R. Palacio I really liked Wonder , which is a book for all ages, because it talks about the power of inclusion, resilience and family. It also deals with a topic that is not normally discussed: facial deformity. When I sounded the alarm on this disturbing practice, Robison and his colleagues answered the call and offered to work with me to understand the phenomenon and counter it.
He and his memoir opened my eyes to an understanding of what so many people are dealing with on a daily basis and their wonderful identities that can and should be embraced — rather than stigmatized. A Return to Love: Reflections on the Principles of A Course in Miracles by Marianne Williamson This mega-bestselling spiritual guide — in which the author shares her insights on the application of love in the search for inner peace — has been newly updated. Williamson reveals how we can all become miracle workers by accepting God and by expressing love in our daily lives.
Whether our psychic pain is in the area of relationships, career or health, she shows us how love can be a potent force. By practicing love, we can make our own lives more fulfilling while creating a more peaceful world for our children. Williamson has written many books, but this one is my favorite. I read this short book while I was on a plane, and who would have thought that after all these years, a book would make me call myself a feminist again with pride, genuineness and fearlessness?
Although I may not be African, do not wear lipstick often, and quickly get tired from high heels, I felt she was speaking about me. But as time passes, writing and reciting slam poetry become harder. In this fresh-voiced debut novel, one girl learns there is no such thing as perfect. Baptist in a story collection that is as humorous as it is heartfelt.
From these distinguished authors come ten distinct and vibrant stories. Forever, or a Long Time by Caela Carter. So along with their new mother, Flora and Julian begin a journey to go back and discover their past—for only then can they really begin to build their future. Nothing has been right since her grandfather died and her best friend changed schools. Can this future scientific genius find the formula for straightening out her life? Georgia Rules by Nanci Turner Steveson. But now here she is, in a tiny Vermont town where everybody sings the praises of the father Maggie never knew.
Then Maggie meets the Parker family—two moms, six kids, plus a pony. Suddenly Maggie has questions too—questions about her father, and why Mama kept him away for so long. In her search for answers, Maggie will learn that families are like patchwork quilts, sewn together by love, and all the more beautiful for their different colors. She has a daddy who works on an oil rig, a great-aunt who always finds the lowest prices at the Piggly Wiggly, and two loyal best friends.
And there is simply not enough room at the top for the two of them. Four kids from wildly different backgrounds with personalities that are explosive when they clash.
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But they are also four kids chosen for an elite middle school track team—a team that could qualify them for the Junior Olympics if they can get their acts together. They all have a lot to lose, but they also have a lot to prove, not only to each other, but to themselves. Ghost has a crazy natural talent, but no formal training.
If he can stay on track, literally and figuratively, he could be the best sprinter in the city. But Ghost has been running for the wrong reasons—it all starting with running away from his father, who, when Ghost was a very little boy, chased him and his mother through their apartment, then down the street, with a loaded gun, aiming to kill.
The Goat by Anne Fleming. Hello, Universe by Erin Entrada Kelly. Virgil Salinas is shy and kindhearted and feels out of place in his crazy-about-sports family. Valencia Somerset, who is deaf, is smart, brave, and secretly lonely, and she loves everything about nature. Kaori Tanaka is a self-proclaimed psychic, whose little sister, Gen, is always following her around. And Chet Bullens wishes the weird kids would just stop being so different so that he can concentrate on basketball.
This disaster leads Kaori, Gen, and Valencia on an epic quest to find the missing Virgil. Sometimes four can do what one cannot. Through luck, smarts, bravery, and a little help from the universe, a rescue is performed, a bully is put in his place, and friendship blooms. How to Stage a Catastrophe by Rebecca Donnelly. ACT 2: Sidney and Folly consider a crime. But the theater is in danger of closing, and he and his friends know they need a plan to save it — and fast.
Hilarious and heartwarming, the mission to save a failing community theater unites a riotous cast of characters in this offbeat middle-grade novel. Howard Wallace, P. As they banter through stakeouts and narrow down their list of suspects, Howard starts to wonder if having Ivy as a sidekick—and a friend—is such a bad thing after all. Pig Face, was allergic to sand, salt air, and the ocean before they decided to go to the beach.
But when Tracy and Ralph discover an envelope stuffed with money in the dugout at baseball field and Lester forces them to let him help , they have a mystery on their hands. Did someone lose the cash? Or, did someone steal it? Stephens has always seemed like a quiet place to live, but soon the town is brimming with suspects.
Romance and rivalries abound in this beachside town, where swanky seasonal homeowners and hard-working locals clash and unite in age-old patterns. In this first book of the Junior Lifeguards series, the girls are vying for spots on the summer squad, with ocean legend Bud Slater hand-picking a team of winners. So when she is assigned a science project with offbeat Lucy Tanaka and nerdy Theo Barnes, they have fun creating an experiment that tests out the laws of science through different acts of kindness. Sometimes mistakes yield the best discoveries, and there is one hypothesis that can always be proven correct: Kindness is the coolest.
Lemons by Melissa Savage. After he invites Lem to be his assistant for the summer, they set out on an epic adventure to capture a shot of the elusive beast on film. But along the way, Lem and Tobin end up discovering more than they ever could have imagined. And Lem realizes that maybe she can make lemonade out of her new life after all. The Matchstick Castle by Keir Graff.
Jail, for example. Or an earplug factory. Anything would be better than doing summer school on a computer while his scientist dad is stationed at the South Pole. Boring lives up to its name until Brian and his cousin Nora have a fight, get lost, and discover a huge, wooden house in the forest. With balconies, turrets, and windows seemingly stuck on at random, it looks ready to fall over in the next stiff breeze. Suddenly, summer gets a lot more exciting.
With their new friends, Brian and Nora tangle with giant wasps, sharp-tusked wild boars, and a crazed bureaucrat intent on bringing the dangerously dilapidated old house down with a wrecking ball. Matylda, Bright and Tender by Holly M. One afternoon, the two of them decide they must have something of their very own to love. With Guy leading the way, they feed her and give her an origin story fit for a warrior lizard. A few weeks later, on a simple bike ride, there is a terrible accident. As hard as it is, Sussy is sure she can hold on to Guy if she can find a way to love Matylda enough.
By turns both devastating and buoyant, this story is a brave one, showing how far we can justify going for a real and true friend.
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So Steffy does what she does best: She cooks her way through the hardest year of her life. All Steffy wants is for her family to be whole again. Can her recipes help bring them back together? It was comforting. Keep the family together. But almost as soon as they are orphaned, that promise seems impossible to keep. With an aunt from the big city ready to separate him and his sisters as soon as she arrives, and a gang of boys from a nearby village wanting everything he has—including his spirit—Mor is tested in ways he never imagined.
With only the hot summer months to prove himself, Mor must face a choice. Does he listen to his father and keep his heart true, but risk breaking his promise through failure? Or is it easier to just join the Danka Boys, whom in all their maliciousness are at least loyal to their own? Orphan Island by Laurel Snyder. The sun rises in a sky filled with dancing shapes; the wind, water, and trees shelter and protect those who live there; when the nine children go to sleep in their cabins, it is with full stomachs and joy in their hearts.
And only one thing ever changes: on that day, each year, when a boat appears from the mist upon the ocean carrying one young child to join them—and taking the eldest one away, never to be seen again. But when the truck transporting Li Ping shows up, its precious cargo has vanished into thin air. The FBI steps in to investigate, and Teddy is happy to leave the job in their supposedly capable hands.
After all, FunJungle has never encountered a crime this serious. Raised in a cabin by a poet named Sylvan, he grew up listening to sonnets read aloud and the comforting clicking of a keyboard. Although Teddy understands words, Sylvan always told him there are only two kinds of people in the world who can hear Teddy speak: poets and children. Then one day Teddy learns that Sylvan was right.
When Teddy finds Nickel and Flora trapped in a snowstorm, he tells them that he will bring them home—and they understand him. They follow him to a cabin in the woods, where the dog used to live with Sylvan. As they hole up in the cabin for shelter, Teddy is flooded with memories of Sylvan. What will Teddy do when his new friends go home? Can they help one another find what they have lost? They can be weapons. They can be gifts. The right words can win you friends or make you enemies.
They can come back to haunt you. Sometimes they can change things forever. When cell phones are banned at Branton Middle School, Frost and his friends Deedee, Wolf, and Bench come up with a new way to communicate: leaving sticky notes for each other all around the school. It catches on, and soon all the kids in school are leaving notes—though for every kind and friendly one, there is a cutting and cruel one as well.
As the sticky-note war escalates, and the pressure to choose sides mounts, Frost soon realizes that after this year, nothing will ever be the same. Now the person Derby loves most in town needs her help—and yet finding a way to do so may uncover deeply held stories and secrets. Rooting for Rafael Rosales by Kurtis Scaletta. Every chance he gets he plays in the street games trying to build his skills, get noticed by scouts, and—someday—play Major League Baseball.
Maya has worries. The bees are dying all over the world, and the company her father works for is responsible, making products that harm the environment. In their own ways, Maya and Rafael search for hope, face difficult choices, and learn a secret—the same secret—that forever changes how they see the world. All he wants is to launch his golden iPod into space the way Carl Sagan the man, not the dog launched his Golden Record on the Voyager spacecraft in But his destination keeps changing.
Short by Holly Goldberg Sloan. With her deeply artistic neighbor, Mrs. The girls always have and always will be Soccer Sisters. But when a new person joins the Breakers, everything changes. Makena, hoping to impress Skylar, starts acting out and running wild, off and on the field. Choices that will affect her family, her friends, and the game she loves.