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For instance, he must possess five virtues: benevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom, and trustworthiness. He must use nine standards to administer the empire:. Centuries later, in early 2nd millennium CE, the impact of Buddhism, Taoism, and other social transformations led to what we now call Neo-Confucianism. While it mainstreamed the Taoist concepts of chi , yin and yang , and tai-chi , Neo-Confucianism also took a turn for the worse, taking a more hierarchical view of society.


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For instance, it expounded on five social relationships and the conduct appropriate for each: ruler and ruled, son and father, younger brother and older, wife and husband, friend and friend. It advocated submission to authority, loyalty and obedience, orthodox family values, filial piety, thrift and hard work.

60 Confucius quotes about life, love, and wisdom to inspire you

Confucius, almost certainly, would have disapproved. Like Chinese food in India, Buddhism altered its flavor in China. Despite their shared agnosticism and focus on this world, the primacy of the individual spiritual quest, detachment, and monasticism in Buddhism posed a threat to Confucianism. What therefore arose in China was a "Confucianized" Buddhism.

And just as Hinduism borrowed from and then marginalized Buddhism in India, Neo-Confucianism marginalized Buddhism in China, not the least because it was a " foreign faith" though it would not disappear as completely as in India. The Confucian canon, notably, was a vital part of the curriculum of China's civil services exams for years until This China-wide administrative system which likely shaped the British model in India helped forge cultural homogeneity and common social values, reduce political regionalism, and build a common identity that made possible the Chinese nationalism of the twentieth century.

Not surprisingly, this came at a price. According to Jonathan Spence,. By the 12th century AD, something approximating a state Confucianism was in place and over time this came to encapsulate certain general truths that had not figured prominently in the original Analects. For example, now included under this broad definition of Confucian thought were hostility to or the demeaning of women, a rigid and inflexible system of family hierarchies, contempt for trade and capital accumulation, support of extraordinarily harsh punishments, a slavish dedication to outmoded rituals of obedience and deference, and a pattern of sycophantic response to the demands of central imperial power.

This no doubt contributed to the subsequent stasis in Chinese civilization. The birthplace of paper, printing, gunpowder, and the magnetic compass turned inward, uncreative, and xenophobic. The sense of humiliation that colonial encounters left behind, the experience of Maoism, and the worldly Confucian ethos of its people under post-Mao regimes go a long way in explaining the tenor of modern China. It is notable that today, unlike the Buddha and even various Hindu gurus and yogis, Confucius has almost no following outside the Chinese cultural sphere in East Asia.

This may be because the ideal Confucian path is a "society of cultivated individuals"—the emphasis is on both "society" and "cultivated individuals". The two go hand in hand and reinforce each other. One is incoherent without the other. It requires people to cultivate themselves to establish a critical mass of "social harmony", which then leads to wider cultivation of individuals and greater harmony. But can one speak of a Confucian individual in the West, which has no equivalent goal of social harmony?

This is perhaps why Confucius has few followers in the West. The Buddha's enlightenment is of course a very individual path and so it resonates more strongly; likewise the idea of saving oneself through the "wisdom" of a Hindu sage. A new form of Confucianism is ascendant again. The Chinese government now aggressively promotes it and has even established Confucius Institutes in 50 countries. Shrines to Confucius now abound in China.

12 famous Confucius quotes on education and learning - OpenLearn - Open University

These regimes also withhold a host of human rights from their citizens under the pretext that "Asian Values" are different from "Western values". That's not what Confucius would have said. The Analects makes clear that "he stood for something far closer to personal liberty than to unswerving obedience to the state".

The will to win, the desire to succeed, the urge to reach your full potential Motivational Excellence Win Your. It is easy to hate and it is difficult to love. This is how the whole scheme of things works.

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All good things are difficult to achieve; and bad things are very easy to get. Love Good Hate Good Things.

Want to learn more about Chinese language and culture? Try these:

When it is obvious that the goals cannot be reached, don't adjust the goals, adjust the action steps. Wisdom Goals Action Cannot.


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  • Life is really simple, but we insist on making it complicated. Life Simple Complicated Really. By three methods we may learn wisdom: First, by reflection, which is noblest; Second, by imitation, which is easiest; and third by experience, which is the bitterest. Wisdom Experience Reflection Three. A youth, when at home, should be filial and, abroad, respectful to his elders. He should be earnest and truthful. He should overflow in love to all and cultivate the friendship of the good.

    When he has time and opportunity, after the performance of these things, he should employ them in polite studies.

    Confucius Say

    Love Friendship Good Home. Everything has beauty, but not everyone sees it. Beauty Everyone Everything Sees. The more man meditates upon good thoughts, the better will be his world and the world at large. Motivational Good Thoughts Man. Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall. History Time Fall Never. Top 10 Confucius Quotes. View the list. Success depends upon previous preparation, and without such preparation there is sure to be failure.

    Failure Success Preparation Without. To practice five things under all circumstances constitutes perfect virtue; these five are gravity, generosity of soul, sincerity, earnestness, and kindness. Kindness Soul Practice Perfect. Real knowledge is to know the extent of one's ignorance.

    Get a Moral Awakening With These Confucius Quotes

    Knowledge Ignorance Know Real Extent. There are three methods to gaining wisdom. The first is reflection, which is the highest. The second is limitation, which is the easiest. The third is experience, which is the bitterest. He who learns but does not think, is lost! He who thinks but does not learn is in great danger.

    Learning Great Think Lost. Wisdom, compassion, and courage are the three universally recognized moral qualities of men. Wisdom Courage Men Compassion Three. I hear, I know.