Manual A Basic Guide On Fear

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Plus, this is a game that's all about spookiness and ambience. If you rush, you're going to miss a lot of what makes the game great. Now, F. R 2 is no different from its predecessor in that it totes an apparently-advanced enemy AI Artificial Intelligence. In a way, this is true. Enemies in the game move around intelligently, remain somewhat aggressive, and can even use the very same covering techniques you can, such as flipping over tables, toppling planters, and otherwise manipulating the environment to ensure your survival.

But there's some unrealistic aspects to the game's enemy AI that you should be aware of as well, such as the fact that most enemies appear to take ridiculous amounts of damage before being felled. In a way, this makes sense, of course. After all, many of the enemies you'll encounter aren't exactly human Combat is at the heart of F. In other words, there are plenty of reasons to explore every nook and cranny of F. The first and most obvious are the seventy or so pieces of intel in the game. These pieces of intel are integral to collect if you want to garner a greater understanding of F.

Otherwise, you're only going to have a very peripheral understanding of just what's going on as you play the game. The other collectible, far more important as far as gameplay is concerned, are the Reflex Injectors you find. With the exception of the game's first mission, you should find a Reflex Injector hidden on just about every stage, and usually, these are better-hidden than the more-numerous pieces of intel.

Reflex Injectors have a direct correlation to a special feature in F. By using Slow-Mo also known as Slow Motion or Reflex Time , you can slow down everything around you, including yourself. This will give you a more intricate control of your surroundings, letting you release bursts of fire towards an enemy with great precision, or allowing you to find cover at just the last minute. But as you'll find out when you read Ten Tips, the next section of Basics, you'll learn that this isn't exactly as useful as it may appear.

If you're worried about finding all of the Intel and Reflex Injectors, don't be. Our complete Walkthrough outlines the location of each piece of Intel and each Reflex Injector. You can either delve into the walkthrough to find them as you will need to do with the Reflex Injectors , or you can head to the Walkthrough index, where the location of each piece of intel is briefly noted next to the corresponding section of the walkthrough.

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BASIC TACTICS AND STRATEGY GUIDE :: Age of Fear: The Free World General Discussions

A person has panic disorder when they experience repeated panic attacks with persistent anxiety about having future panic attacks or their consequences e. Anxiety related to a specific situation or object such as flying, snakes, confined spaces, etc. True specific phobias are relatively rare. Much more common is panic disorder that looks like a specific phobia.

In other words, people are irrationally afraid that a specific thing or situation will lead to panic, not that the specific thing or situation itself is dangerous. Social anxiety 1 is anxiety in social situations, typically when a person is exposed to the real or imagined scrutiny or judgment of others. Often social anxiety manifests as excessive worry and concern about how others are perceiving or evaluating you.

OCD is defined as the continued presence of obsessions, compulsions, or both. Obsessions are recurrent and intrusive thoughts, images, or urges that cause significant anxiety or distress E. Compulsions are repetitive behaviors or rituals that an individual performs in order to alleviate the anxiety associated with an obsession E. The key idea with OCD is that people treat intrusive mental activity an event as something dangerous or bad because they assume that either they are responsible for it or that it means something i.

PTSD occurs when a person is exposed to an actual or threatened trauma e. People become afraid of something in their environment triggering a memory of a traumatic event and the negative thoughts, feelings, and sensations that may go along with it. As a result, they become preoccupied with avoiding any kind of cue or trigger for their trauma. This avoidance can easily lead to isolation, depression, and substance abuse, not to mention higher levels of anxiety. Separation anxiety is age-inappropriate distress regarding separation from an attachment figure, typically a parent.

While they can be extremely distressing and problematic, anxiety disorders are actually among the most treatable mental health conditions.

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And because the psychological processes that govern the acquisition and extinction of behaviors is fairly well understood, treatment can often be rapid when delivered by a competent provider. Considered the gold standard treatment for most forms of anxiety , exposure therapy involves deliberately exposing oneself usually in a progressively difficult or graded fashion with the help of a therapist to an irrationally feared stimuli e.

Most effective forms of exposure therapy also involve response prevention , which means that in addition to deliberately seeking out the feared situation or object, you also prevent yourself from engaging in any activity that would lessen your anxiety, such as reassurance-seeking, distraction, checking, etc. Exposure therapy generally is divided into three types: Imaginal , In-Vivo , and Interoceptive. A core technique in cognitive behavioral therapy, cognitive restructuring is the process of noticing and becoming aware of chronic irrational beliefs or self-talk that lead to unhelpful emotional states or behaviors.

Part I: What is Anxiety?

Then learning to challenge those thoughts and beliefs while subsequently generating more realistic alternatives. While initially developed for the treatment of depression, it can be equally useful with anxiety. Lifehacker has a surprisingly good quick overview of the technique. Mindfulness-based techniques such as mindfulness meditation are often used as a part of cognitive behavioral or acceptance and commitment therapy. For a good overview and useful guide to implementing the technique for anxiety specifically, see The Mindfulness and Acceptance Workbook for Anxiety.

Most professional mental health organizations consider medication for anxiety as a second line treatment. This means that the above treatments should probably be tried first, especially since cognitive and behavioral approaches are generally shown to be more effective than medication for anxiety disorders and also to have fewer side effects and certainly no withdrawal effects.

Below are some of the most common types of medication prescribed for anxiety, starting with the most powerful and potentially dangerous :. Why do we get irrationally afraid of things and stay afraid? In other words, how does anxiety work, exactly? And how can we use that knowledge to our advantage? More specifically, the reason clinical levels of anxiety persist is because we try to avoid our anxiety in the first place.

I get that that statement sounds counter-intuitive at best and maybe just nonsensical Of course we should avoid it—it feels awful! At their core, all anxiety disorders are basically the same. Even though they may look and, to some extent, feel very different, from a mechanical perspective the same dynamics are present.

That is, people with anxiety disorders have trained themselves to be afraid of the thoughts, sensations, and emotions associated with anxiety. To explain how all this works, we need to start with the brain, specifically, a little chunk of neurons in the middle of the brain called the amygdala. If it spots something that it thinks might be a threat, it B sounds the alarm and prepares our bodies to deal with the potential threat.

It does this by stimulating the release of adrenaline and activating our fight or flight response. Our breathing gets faster, our heart rate goes up, muscles tense, and blood flows quickly out of our torso and head and into our extremities so that we can more efficiently deliver oxygen 4 to our arms and legs to either fight or flee. Obviously, adrenaline and our fight or flight response can be extremely helpful when confronted with an true threat to our survival.

Most of us would agree that hiking is not typically a very dangerous activity. And yet, many people are too anxious to go hiking. They turn down any invitation to hike, no matter from whom; they only go for walks in well-know paths or areas; they even avoid movies about hiking and traveling through nature.

But how can this be?

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And to a large extent, our amygdalae tend to believe what we teach them. People with anxiety disorders have most likely triggered a process called Fear Learning which has taught their amygdala to be overly sensitive to potential dangers and fear things that are not actually threatening. After being out for 20 or 30 minutes, you notice something up ahead of you—a dark, curvy line on the trail. Chances are your amygdala fires up a bit, warning you of a potential threat. It could be a poisonous snake! You feel your heart beat a little faster and your muscles tense a bit. Maybe your chest feels a little tight.

What you end up doing next is crucial when it comes to anxiety. In addition to A scanning the environment for potential threats and B releasing adrenaline in order to prepare you to fight or flee if it is in fact a threat, your amygdala has an error correction mechanism built in that allows it to learn when it has correctly or incorrectly flagged something as dangerous. This mechanism is to watch how you respond to the potential threat and use your behavior to either confirm or deny its initial threat assessment.

Specifically it watches to see whether you try to avoid or approach the potentially dangerous thing. If you avoid the thing the amygdala singled out as a danger—by either fighting it or running away from it—you are engaging in Fear Learning. Remember it for next time and shoot me up with lots of adrenaline so I can run away faster. If you choose to try to avoid the potential threat—in this case running away from the dark line back down the trail—your anxiety goes down initially because the perceived threat is eliminated.

Consequently, your long-term levels of anxiety around hiking actually start to increase now. The next time you go hiking your amygdala will be even more on the lookout for dangerous snakes in the form of dark curvy lines and that much faster to trigger a fight or flight response.

Of course, often times Fear Learning is a good thing. If a there truly is danger present in a situation, you want your amygdala to remember it. But anxiety develops when the Fear Learning process is applied to things that may look or feel dangerous but in reality are not. Thankfully the same mechanism the amygdala uses for fear learning can be applied to achieve the opposite, Safety Learning, which is the key to undoing an anxiety you may have developed.

If avoidance behavior e. Back to hiking. You initially see a dark curvy line ahead of you on the trail and feel a tad nervous.

The though even crosses your mind that you could just turn back or maybe find a different path. But this time you just wait and watch. You can now see that the line is moving a little, but in a strange way, not at all like a snake would. A few more steps and you now realize the dark shadowy line is actually a shadow from an overhanging tree limb.

This is Safety Learning. The moral of the story is that while avoiding things that look and feel like threats is often anxiety relieving in the short term, it reinforces unrealistic beliefs in the long term that lead to both unnecessarily high and persistent anxiety as well as an increasingly restricted and much less fun life. On the other hand, when we simply pause and observe, we get the chance to learn and get new information. If it turns out that the amygdala was right, then we can fight or flee appropriately.