- Deux lettres sur lindividu, la société et la vertu (La Petite Collection t. 602) (French Edition).
- Too Beautiful to Picture.
- Too Beautiful to Picture: Zeuxis, Myth, and Mimesis.
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Part I begins the analysis of the Zeuxis narrative. Here Mansfield discusses how the relevance of myths and legends about artistic creation, often used for the study of visual culture, underlie much of her thinking. She points out that art historians have generally turned their attention to legends when they function as subjects or works of art but tend to give less attention to myths allied with aesthetic theory. Through well-researched analyses of sources that range from Cicero and Pliny to Alberti, Vasari and academics of the 17th and 18th centuries, the author exposes numerous interpretations of Zeuxis Selecting Models theories.
In addition, the author walks us through the historical thinking in detailed case studies that are expanded in copious footnotes. The well-done case studies are nicely integrated with one another. The footnotes add immensely to the main text and are highly recommended. The second part of the book proceeds from the question: Why are there so few post-Renaissance depictions of Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide.
Forged from a partnership between a university press and a library, Project MUSE is a trusted part of the academic and scholarly community it serves. Built on the Johns Hopkins University Campus. Indeed, this study manifests as an illustration of the ability of a large GWAS on a complex phenotype to identify genes related to its simpler component traits and correlates. The candidate genes identified for both significant results and nearly all suggestive results have entries in GWAS Catalog for traits related to attractiveness, including skin pigmentation and melanoma, body mass index BMI , and the BMI-related phenotypes of height and waist—hip ratio Table 1.
Homogeneous skin coloration [ 11 ] and red and yellow tints [ 12 ] increase ratings of attractiveness cross-culturally, potentially due to the connection between these traits and perceptions of health and youth.
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The relationship between weight and attractiveness is demographically variable; for example, American men of European descent rate lower weights as more attractive, except in extremely low BMI ranges [ 13 ], whereas African American men are more likely to prefer heavier figures [ 14 ]. Hu and colleagues also identify candidate genes related to attractiveness that have been previously associated with facial morphology, possibly implicating facial traits such as those contributing to youthful facial appearance in perceptions of attractiveness [ 15 ].
One explanation for Hu and colleagues finding a genetic association between male-rated female attractiveness and BMI is a mediating relationship whereby the candidate gene CDC42EP3 affects height, which directly influences BMI. Similarly, the genetic association between female-rated male attractiveness and lipid levels observed by Hu and colleagues could be explained by the previously identified impact of candidate genes CERS2 and ANXA9 on both high- and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels Table 1.
Zeuxis - Wikipedia
It is also possible that Hu and colleagues find different loci for male- and female-rated attractiveness because men and women seem to vary in the specific traits they perceive as attractive [ 16 ]. Note: Candidate genes with significant results in [ 9 ] are bolded. The results of this study point to underlying genetic architecture mediating attractiveness.
In the future, careful multivariate studies testing the relative contribution of each associated locus to the component traits of attractiveness, and to attractiveness corrected for those traits, will help researchers unravel and interpret the genetic architecture of this important and complex phenotype. Of course, replication in the few other datasets possessing both genotype and attractiveness data will aid in validation and resolution of these results, and sequencing studies will help clarify the possibly functional variants at each locus and further explore their effect on attractiveness or its related components.
Hu and colleagues also briefly mention signatures of selection on alleles associated with male facial attractiveness. This result is especially intriguing and brings up several avenues for future research. Do other secondary sex traits, such as vocal characteristics, show similar signatures of selection in males, indicating sexual selection among our male ancestors [ 17 ]?
Mansfield, Elizabeth 1965-
Importantly, does the selection pressure driving the strong relationship between allele frequency and male attractiveness reflect pressure upon the attractiveness per se, or upon related phenotypes, such as lipid metabolism? How do potential signatures of selection fit in with previous evolutionary hypotheses? If there are causative pathways between the associated loci and attractiveness, have cross-cultural variations in preference [ 18 ] led to population-specific allele variation at these candidate attractiveness loci? When contemplating how to depict Helen of Troy, the 5th century BC painter Zeuxis recognized the challenge of identifying the features that define beauty [ 19 ].
This challenge remains, and understanding the biological factors that influence attractiveness is equally compelling and complex. Hu and colleagues bring forth a valuable initial foray into the genetic architecture of attractiveness and emphasize the intricate relationships between attractiveness and other visible traits.
National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. PLoS Genet. Published online Apr 4. Julie D.
White 1 and David A. David A. Seth M. Weinberg, Editor.
Zeuxis, Myth, and Mimesis
Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. But when Parrhasius, whose painting was concealed behind a curtain, asked Zeuxis to pull aside that curtain, the curtain itself turned out to be a painted illusion. Parrhasius won, and Zeuxis said, "I have deceived the birds, but Parrhasius has deceived Zeuxis. A similar anecdote says that Zeuxis once drew a boy holding grapes, and when birds, once again, tried to peck them, he was extremely displeased, stating that he must have painted the boy with less skill, since the birds would have feared to approach otherwise. English - Documents: Gutenberg Project.
For the professional wrestler, see Zeuxis wrestler. Victor Mottez , Zeuxis choosing his models Too beautiful to picture: Zeuxis, myth, and mimesis.