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Dialogues and Discipline. Rethinking a Political Concept in a Global Context. This also has consequences for our understanding of the law. In this research project, the concept of power was theorized — somewhat paradoxically — as an intelligible or noumenal phenomenon. Domination appears where such relations cannot be justified because of their asymmetrical character and are legitimized by restricting the space of reasons in a one-sided way. Oppression, illegitimate coercion and violence arise where those who are subjugated count less and less and are increasingly unable to act as subjects of justification — the limiting case being where the space of justification is replaced by mere physical facticity, that is, pure violence.

Power takes shape and is reproduced, therefore, exclusively in the space of justifications, and power struggles are conducted in this space. When the justifications of a system of rule are questioned, it may be able to endure through lies, threats, or recourse to means of violence; but its power diminishes to the extent that it is increasingly reliant on such measures without an accompanying narrative. Our work was also presented at a large number of national and international venues.

A further dialogue followed with Amy Allen and Mark Haugaard, which has also been published see below. Rainer Forst will write replies to all these essays. The dissertation argues that the tradition of Critical Theory provides us with both a characteristic conception of what constitutes a theory of justice and a conception of what justice is.

But law is also a means for authorizing someone to impose his or her reasons against possible conflicting reasons. In this way, power becomes legal rule. However — contra Raz — these reasons must be capable of being criticized and altered in turn in legally regulated procedures if the legal community of free and equal subjects is to be able to reproduce itself in its only adequate form, namely, as a democratic constitutional state. The distinguishing feature of this research is its emphasis on the discursive and communicative dimension of power.

Here it can be shown that the concept of exclusionary reasons is modeled, so to speak, on the prototype of noumenal power as this has been described by Rainer Forst. Exclusionary reasons function as reasons that are able to prevail against the reasons subjectively recognized by the actors involved.

This, according to Raz, is because they are traced back to a legitimate authority that takes the place of the subjectively acknowledged reasons. In contrast to noumenal power, the authoritative power of the legal reasons is generated constructively by the legitimate authority. Nevertheless, it relies on the same mechanism of noumenal power. In further essays on justification narratives and on developments in criminal law it was shown that public criticism of the legitimate authority of exclusionary reasons can be bypassed or neutralized by embedding legal reasons in justification narratives.

With such narratives, legal reasons can be relativized, bypassed, or even transgressed without having to expose the reasons to public criticism in legally regulated procedures. This project addresses basic social-philosophical and normative questions to the contemporary social order of indebtedness: What forms of subjectivity are implied by debt? The study focuses on a core problem: How should the connection between moral and economic debt be understood?

This research question is motivated by the intuition that neither functionalist, economic-theoretical problem diagnoses that emphasize the increasing economic instability resulting from high levels of indebtedness, nor critical approaches based on theories of justice that accord central importance to question of distribution, are sufficient for an adequate understanding of the form of the indebted life.

The doctoral project argues that the conceptual framework of an ethical critique of capitalism is required to work out its immanent critique-worthiness beyond economic dysfunctionality and distributive injustice. The purpose of these reflections is to show that the form of the indebted life not only gives rise to unjust effects for example, poverty , but also produces relations to self and to the world which are inherently worthy of ethical criticism. Building on a critical interpretation of Friedrich Nietzsche and Max Weber, the dissertation argues that forms of indebtedness are marked by a specific form of temporality.

The central thesis is that the social promise of future freedom as a result of voluntarily assuming debt by taking on loans turns into a continuous subjective consciousness of guilt under conditions of over-indebtedness and the dependencies associated with indebtedness. The form of the indebted life is criticized from the perspective of an ethical critique of capitalism and alternative forms of subjectivization are explored. Wright, Larissa Katz, Matthias Mahlmann.

Zur Analyse sozialer Rechtfertigungsordnungen , Berlin: Suhrkamp, Szews, Johann: Zahlungsmoral. Profile Project members Ibsen, Malte, M. Details Forst, Rainer : Khurana, D. Quadflieg, F. Raimondi, J. Rebentisch, D. Setton Hg. Details doi Chiara Bottici eds. Essays in Honor of Nancy Fraser. Basingstoke: Palgrave, S. Oxford: Oxford University Press, S. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Pietro Maffettone Hg. Buddeberg, Einl. Buddeberg u. Forst, Berlin. Ein philosophischer Kommentar, hg. Buddeberg, Berlin: Suhrkamp, S. Mai , S. LII, Nr. Heather Widdows Hg.

New York: S. Zur Analyse sozialer Rechtfertigungsordnungen, Berlin: Suhrkamp. Gesang, P. Stemmer, H. Wittwer , in: Information Philosophie 4, Dezember , S. Rainer Forst in Dialogue, Bloomsbury Academic. Cronin , Journal of Social Philosophiy , S. Schmidt u. Annette Pitschmann Hg. Vasek u. Philosophie-Zeitschrift 4, S. Philipp Schink Hg. Theory, Practice, Rhetoric 6, S. Eine realistische Betrachtung, in: Hubertus Buchstein Hg. Details Forst, Rainer : Justification and Critique.

Usama Ibrahim , in Peter Niesen u. Tim Eckes Hg. Although extensive restitutions of stolen cultural artefacts were made in Europe already in the wake of the Napoleonic Wars, almost another century would pass before the seizure of works of art in time of war was outlawed internationally by the Hague Convention on the Rules of Land Warfare in But the notion of the unlawfulness of such actions and the need to restore stolen cultural artefacts actually became established in international law and private law only after World War II.

With the beginning of decolonisation, the extended set of norms to protect cultural heritage established by the Hague Convention of was also applied to corresponding restitution procedures in the former European colonies in Africa, Asia and Oceania. Since that time, postcolonial states have made demands relating not only to the restitution of the material cultural artefacts stolen and exported during the colonial period, but to all objects of cultural-historical significance preserved in European collections.

The restitution claims were generally connected with a revalidation of the corresponding objects. These objects now became symbolic bearers of ethnic and national identity not unlike what had happened over a century earlier in the various European nation-states. The goal of the project is to ask how ethnological and archaeological museums in the German-speaking world responded to repatriation claims by non-European countries: Which objects were actually repatriated?

What justifications were offered for refusing restitutions? And what changes in meaning did the artefacts undergo in the course of their transfer and the debate surrounding them? Concrete normative political and cultural conflicts between western and post-colonial countries can be illustrated with reference to the discourse and practice of restitution. The development of a set of transnational normative rules can be observed in statu nascendi in the codification of restitution claims under international law. A further conflict of normative orders arises in the practice of restitution, in which the legitimacy of the restitution must be balanced against the concern for the conservation of the cultural heritage and the artefacts involved.

Based on a prior literature survey, 18 interviews were conducted with senior museum staff and officials. The evaluation of these interviews is documented in a page report on the findings. The central research questions of the project have been incorporated into University instruction, into events held by the Frobenius Institute, and into graduation theses and two dissertation projects. Although the legitimacy of claims for the restitution of cultural objects is generally recognized by the relevant decision-makers, to date only a small number of restitutions have been made in Germany an exception being returns of human remains.

There are doubts about whether the demands are being made exclusively by persons acting as legitimate representatives of their respective groups, especially because artefacts have resurfaced on the international art market shortly after their return.

Martti Nissinen

More important than the actual restitutions themselves are the public debates triggered by the demands, given that it is the associated discussions that raise public awareness of the injustice suffered by the indigenous peoples. Managing the return of ancestral remains to New Zealand", in: L. Prott, B. Markschies eds. An international Quarterly , 81 3 , , pp. September , p. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung vom September , S. The project examined the history of the introduction of intellectual property rights in Africa and how local social actors cope with these rights in a context of increasing global mobility.

It studied the articulation of the legal framework of intellectual property rights in their local contexts, the ways in which local actors in Africa work with these legal norms and how they modify and adapt them according to their practices and interests. The project analyzed the tension in which legal norms for the protection of intellectual property which are aligned with international legal imperatives find themselves when they encounter established local norms and the corresponding sense of justice.

As long as the norms are regarded as being exterior introductions, individual actors will follow them only when they are of immediate advantage to them and will demand that the state should provide effective protection of their rights. However, in order to do this, the state would require their cooperation.

Similarly, the state representatives do not seem to follow the newly introduced rules either, since they are individual actors with their own interests as well. This creates a tension that can develop in a productive direction only when the participating actors are able to accept the rationale of such norms. This gives rise to normative orders that are characterized by intrinsic contradictions and are subject to constant dynamic transformation.

The research was carried out from three perspectives: from a diachronic, an actor-centered and a transnational perspective. Data were generated through a literature analysis and, above all, through extensive ethnographic field research in African localities. The results of the field research show that the different African governments, which are marked by their precolonial histories and by the various colonial and postcolonial ideologies, have developed very distinctive ways of dealing with cultural goods in the countries under study Cameroon and Mali.

Taken together, the results reveal a divergence between norms and daily reality or actual practice, specifically as far as the different discourses about piracy are concerned. Hence, the state can no longer be understood as a neutral instrument for the implementation of norms; rather, both state representatives as well as the often well-informed local actors are guided in their actions by their own socially inscribed logics and interests.

Symposium: Who owns the praise? Conference: How does transnational mobility transform cultural production? Mhiripiri and T. Chari eds. Cultural Entrepreneurship in Africa. London: Routledge, Sean Kingston Danser les funerailles. Paideuma Journal of African Media Studies 7, 1: Canadian Journal for African Studies 48, 2: The Canadian Journal of African Studies 46, 1: Markets were not regarded merely as functional, norm-free subsystems that operate exclusively in accordance with the rules of competition and of profit maximization.

It turns out instead that, for the actors themselves, market activities constitute an order of action structured by ethical norms in which as a result they can also take their guidance from normative reasons. The theme of the project was pursued in two lines of research: The first consisted in developing a normative understanding of the relationship between individual moral action and organizational structures. The second strand of research addressed the question of what ethics can mean in the financial marketplace in connection with the more general issue of the normative structures of markets as such.

This study examined the specific challenges that moral actors face as a result of their role in organizations, and used an innovative methodology that connects empirical findings with normative issues. Among the topics discussed are how morally relevant knowledge is processed in complex organizations, how moral actors relate to their professional role, and the responsibility for maintaining an organizational culture in which moral problems can be thematized and addressed. In addition, a variety of perspectives on the normative value of markets are brought together in a collection of essays coedited by the PI and the project collaborator in which the selected texts are supplemented by explanatory introductions.

Herzog, Lisa: Reclaiming the System. Transformational Agency in Organizations Habilitation , forthcoming. Herzog, Lisa ed.

Zalta ed. Profile Project members Herzog, Lisa, Dipl. Oxon , D. Eine sozialphilosophische Perspektive im Anschluss an Simmel und Marx. Heidelberg: Springer, , part 8, Vesper and E. Buddeberg, Frankfurt am Main: Campus, Every abstract and one-sided attempt to proclaim either the inevitability of secularization or the indispensability of religion therefore provokes the dismissal of this dismissal as a counter-reaction. The notion that modernization is to be identified with a necessary disappearance of religiosity has met with strong criticism in recent years.

As far back as the s, sociologists of religion began to criticize the narrow theoretical frame of the classical secularization thesis. Since the s the classical secularization thesis has become the focus of a differently accentuated critique. Therefore, the question of religion is currently discussed not only in the field of the philosophy of religion, religious studies, or theology, but increasingly also in political philosophy.

This is not only due to the political, social, and cultural developments in Western societies, which give more space to religion in the public sphere than was suggested by the classical secularization theories following Max Weber, but also to the changing premises within the philosophical debates themselves. The main focus of one subproject was the investigation of the postsecularism hypothesis.

Postsecularism, according to Habermas, is devoted to analyzing and explaining the growing awareness in secularized societies that, contrary to the still widespread secularization hypothesis, religion does not disappear from societies as they continue to modernize. A second focus of this subproject was on postsecularism in the context of postcolonial theory. The question addressed was: How should the theoretical study of religion be understood from a postcolonial perspective under conditions of secularization?

The third subproject dealt with the challenges that the discourse of postsecularism, as understood by Habermas and Taylor, entails from the standpoint of normative political philosophy for justifying political orders, that is, secular, liberal democracies. Moreover, the second subproject, through a discussion of universalism and particularism with reference to the concept of postsecularism, showed that the inter-contextual extension and application of the concept of postsecularism should be sought at the global level and not against the backdrop of secularization informed by universalism.

The results of the second subproject were discussed in a very well-received international workshop in which representatives from Africa, Central and North America, Asia, and Europe took part. The forthcoming publication of these results will provide comprehensive documentation of the context-specific experiences that contribute to the theoretical study of religion in the postcolonial context and of their importance for politics in this context.

The proposal was to formulate the question concerning reason and what is not reducible to reason in such a way that the focus is not on the question of reason and the rationality of articles of faith, aesthetic experiences, and the like, but on whether, when it comes to justifying political decisions, it can also be reasonable to appeal to what cannot be reduced to reason. Lutz-Bachmann, Matthias ed. Schmidt, Thomas and Annette Pitschmann eds. Okeja, Uchenna B. Profile Schmidt, Thomas, Prof.

Profile Project members Okeja, Uchenna, Dr. These institutions sometimes have a major impact on State action and even on individual lives, which in turn raises the question of how their legal framework should be brought into line, or is already in line, with the principles governing the exercise of State authority.

Within the framework of the Cluster, this project contributes a specific legal research perspective that aims to generate doctrinal legal concepts and is open to the normative and empirical analyses of other Cluster projects. The findings of the latter help to generate doctrinal concepts and to achieve an adequate understanding of the impact and normative relevance of new governance phenomena. Conversely, doctrinal concepts may support other disciplines by providing a framework for descriptions of empirical reality.

An intensive discursive exchange between Armin von Bogdandy, Matthias Goldmann and Ingo Venzke led to a co-authored text Bogdandy, Goldmann and Venzke on approaches to research on specific thematic areas. Discussions in Frankfurt and Heidelberg presented this approach to the broader public with reference to TTIP and the sovereign debt crisis in Greece. The concept of international public authority was developed further in decisive ways, laying the conceptual and theoretical foundation for legal research on the relations between State and supranational legal orders and between private and public law.

Moreover, the omnipresent criticism of phenomena of globalization highlights the practical relevance of this project. In addition, some of our team members have been able to integrate findings from our research into their consulting activities for international organizations. Workshop: In Whose Name? English translation: In Whose Name? Zwischen gutem Willen und geltendem Recht, in: Kritische Justiz 2. Ediciones Uniandes, Bogota, Modelle des Parlamentarismus im Neue Ordnungen von Recht und Politik. Nomos-Verlag, Baden-Baden , S. Warum der Europarat der EU den Weg weist.

Nomos, Baden-Baden , Edward Elgar, Cheltenham , Details von Bogdandy, Armin : In wessen Namen? Internationale Gerichte in Zeiten globalen Regierens. Suhrkamp, Berlin, , S. A public law theory of international adjudication. Oxford University Press, Oxford, , S. OUP , S. Hart, Oxford , Details Goldmann, Matthias : Staatsverschuldung und Entwicklung. Oxford University Press, Oxford , Functions, authority and legitimacy. The project aims to deepen our understanding of the interaction between formal knowledge and the formulation of normative positions in the European Enlightenment.

For example, when he discusses which kinds of knowledge are capable of certainty, he not only defines knowledge and certainty but also denies that religious and metaphysical arguments on matters of scientific or moral relevance have any claim to validity. Thus he combines certain knowledge with reflections about the socio-political order, arguing, for example, that the anthropological law of self-preservation of a being dependent on others entails a radical policy of redistribution of wealth as long as luxury and poverty coexist within a single socio-political order.

The project thus provides historical input into the discussion of central concepts of the Cluster, such as equality and justice. It exemplifies how changes of normative orders are prepared in contexts which at first sight may appear to be non-political, such as the epistemological discussion of the order s of knowledge. Schmit will contribute commentaries on several chapters and an introductory essay on the epistemology of the physical sciences. Alexandre Guilbaud, who provides the commentary on one chapter of the essay, was also recruited during these meetings.

The core work on the project was performed by Dagmar Comtesse who completed her PhD in political philosophy in The translation and commentary were completed during the second period of the research project. Schmit eds. Profile Project members Comtesse, Dagmar, Dr. Details Comtesse, Dagmar : Taming the superlative, embedding the comparative: a form of subjectivation for a post growth society. Severe poverty, massive inequalities and climate change are conspiring to create some of the most pressing practical problems facing humanity. Billions of people live in desperate poverty and are especially vulnerable both to shocks in the global financial system and to the impacts of climate change.

Lesson Bibliography | Aegean Prehistoric Archaeology

A major moral reason to be concerned about climate change is the effect that it will have on the poor. The extreme deprivation and vulnerability of persons living in poverty is inconsistent with an international order based on the inherent dignity of persons as articulated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The persistence of severe poverty, growing inequality, and increasing CO2 emissions are evidence of massive failures in our current system of global governance.

Numerous issues associated with the problem of climate change provided an occasion to address fundamental moral questions concerning the possible emergence of a just international normative order. A certain kind of intergenerational normative order also comes to the fore with particular urgency in the context of such questions. The view that people who are now alive have a moral obligation towards future generations to combat climate change justifies climate protection policies, but this view in turn also requires specific forms of justification.

This research project combined investigations into questions in moral and political philosophy with analyses of international organizations and institutions and of the kind of action that produces appropriate social change. The research of the PI focused in particular on the social and normative context of climate change and poverty. Key findings were the justification and clarification of the concept of the right to sustainable development, as well as the development of a forward-looking account of responsibility for a regime dealing with climate change. The arguments developed in this context support the view that the international climate regime must be designed in ways that make it compatible with the goal of the least developed countries to pursue economic development to overcome poverty.

In addition, the importance of poverty for identifying and responding to climate change was defended. The arguments developed by Daniel Callies support the view that, although climate engineering research cannot be prohibited on moral grounds, a legitimate international governance structure is needed to regulate research and possible applications. Roser and J. Heyward eds.

Held and P. Maffettone eds. The Cluster research project which only began operation in early throws light on the practical legal phenomenon that there is no sign of a uniform public justification of international criminal justice. But what is the appropriate response to this? Starting from the research approach characteristic of the Cluster, the comparatively recent system of international criminal justice to recall: the permanent International Criminal Court only began its operations in the early s was chosen as an instructive illustrative example for examining the formation, stabilization and crisis of a new legal system.

In line with the program of Research Area 3, discussion focused on the competition and also the conflict between different normative frames of reference within a legal system that is not yet normatively closed by path dependencies, uniform preconceptions or widely shared ideologies. The research project draws upon the entire research repertoire available to legal studies. The debate over the constitutionalization of international law, findings in social science especially concerning the effect of ambiguous normative regimes and political philosophy in particular regarding how to deal with non-ideal contexts of justification , among other things, are included in an interdisciplinary exchange.

A workshop is planned for late at which the main research results will be presented. The approach of the research project has in essence proved his worth. When it comes to evaluating normative openness, it is crucial that under the empirical conditions of a normatively fragmented everyday reality there is little prospect of an agreement being reached on a particular orientation of a given criminal justice order.

In the future, therefore, it must be shown how free and equal citizens can cope with the axiological irreconcilability of their normative positions in order to organize the normative plurality and diversity of international or national criminal justice systems along legitimate lines. Workshop: Normative Openness — A novel concept to analyze and legitimize International Criminal Justice , winter Profile Project members Backonja, Dusan, Dipl. Profile Recchia, Nicola Profile. Economists typically treat preferences as exogenous factors.

The chair investigates whether and how individual experiences gathered in living under a particular economic or political regime influence individual preferences. The malleability of individual preferences is an important factor in the genesis of normative orders. Moreover, the chair investigates labor supply behavior of private households worldwide and traces implications for differences in welfare between rich and poor countries. These welfare differences influence the formation of normative orders and, on the other hand, the labor supply behavior is itself influenced in part by normative factors especially in the case of women.

The chair investigates two broad topics, namely the formation of economic and political preferences and the labor supply behavior of private households. Regarding the first topic, a research project analyzed whether living under a democratic regime leads to increased support for democracy over time. The second topic is covered in different research projects.

The broad research question is to document international differences in the labor supply behavior of private households and to analyze their causes and their consequences for measurements of differences in welfare. Regarding the first topic, the research project showed that individual support for democracy does indeed increase the longer an individual has lived under a democratic regime, irrespective of the quality of the regime or other factors.

Importantly, the study establishes a causal link, thus demonstrating that political preferences are endogenous and are influenced by individual experiences. Regarding the second topic, based on a broad international data collection effort we document that individuals in poor countries work on average substantially more hours than individuals in rich countries. This implies that international differences in labor productivity and welfare are larger than previously thought.

We also found that taxation plays an important role in driving the labor supply behavior of married women in Europe and the United States. The most important publications of this professorship of the Cluster of Excellence:. The underlying premise is that the general dialectic of form and matter can provide substantial insights into how the normative orders of mind are constituted by their pre-mental, natural orders and the play of their forces.

The investigation of the dialectic of form and matter contributes to clarifying the status of normative orders, which are considered in their relation to the non- or pre-normative realm. This research assumes an interdisciplinary form insofar as it develops a concept of modern law especially of the form of subjective rights in discussion with legal studies.

For modern art, in particular, is a practice of formation in which the above-mentioned dialectic of form and matter unfolds. From this perspective, analogue processes of formation can be observed in other fields. Moreover, several doctoral and postdoctoral projects conducted in the context of the chair engaged with issues of autonomy, the theory of the subject and legal theory. The dissertations by Judith Mohrmann and Felix Trautmann were concerned with showing how the dialectic of norm and nature, mind and life, plays out in the constitution of political orders. Khurana, Thomas: Das Leben der Freiheit.

Form und Wirklichkeit der Autonomie, Berlin: Suhrkamp, Mohrmann, Judith: Affekt und Revolution. Politisches Handeln nach Arendt und Kant, Frankfurt a. Quadflieg, Dirk: Vom Geist der Sache. Zur Kritik der Verdinglichung, Frankfurt a. Norm and Nature II. Norm und Natur III. The cluster professorship is located at the interface between political science and philosophy, and concerns itself with phenomena that cross national boundaries.

Central themes are: The idea and significance of human dignity in political justifications; the moral value and the right goal of sustainable development; the justification and role of socio-economic rights for human development; the identification of appropriate objectives of the Post Sustainable Development Agenda; the requirements for fair international trade and fair financial regimes; the causes of poverty and global inequality; the fair distribution of obligations to mitigate climate change and the burden of climate adaptation; the identification of appropriate international climate protection regimes; the relevance of geoengineering for climate policy; the justification and practical possibilities of sustainable development through an international tax system; and finally the justification of cross-border solidarity.

The work in the area of normative theories of global justice is based in many ways on empirical analyzes in the areas of politics, economics, law and international relations insofar as the empirical work discusses political problems that cross national boundaries. Starting from these studies, the team examines and reflects upon normativity in transnational policies. Many questions relating to the normative orders that regulate environmental crises require a similar mode of reflexivity and bring additional interdisciplinary questions of the normativity of intergenerational orders into perspective.

Our publications and presentations focused on themes in global justice, global bioethics, human rights, just war theory, and environmental racism. The central results were presented in publications and presentations. Darrel Moellendorf has written about how a war can be brought to a just end, as well as whether a state can limit the emigration of citizens whose medical education it has funded. Daniel Callies also published on the topic of limiting the emigration of citizens whose medical education was financed by the state.

And Merten Reglitz published an article on Kant, global poverty and justice. Daniel Hammer has made an international presentation on collective action and self-responsibility. And Brian Milstein gave a lecture on the theory of crisis. All these topics are relevant to the political discussion, and many of the papers published evaluate selected aspects of public policy. Lazar eds. The aim is to study contemporary developments in the religious, cultural and political spheres from both diachronic colonial and synchronic postcolonial perspectives in a manner that closely integrates theoretical and empirical work.

Methodologically speaking, ethnographic field work, especially participant observation, is of particular importance. Research was conducted by the professor, her research associates Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiter and her PhD students, the latter coming mostly from those countries where studies were undertaken. A continuous lecture series and a number of international workshops and conferences provided a framework in which further case studies from Africa and a number of Asian countries could be discussed for which the research group was not in a position to gather its own empirical data.

The breadth of the case studies available, either directly or indirectly, made it possible to examine changes in normative orders on a global scale and to analyze how local, national, regional and transnational aspects helped to shape these changes. Research results were presented at national and international conferences organized in cooperation with various Hessian ministries for Social Affairs and Integration and for Sciences and the Arts , the Hessian State Investigation Bureau, the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and the French and U.

Consulates General. These workshops and conferences gave rise to numerous publications, including two edited volumes in the Normative Orders series published by Campus Verlag. In the area of academic internationalization, activities included the supervision of eight dissertations written by international PhD Students. Cesari, ed.

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Fromme Muslime in Deutschland, Frankfurt: Campus, Women's rights movements, religious resurgence and local traditions, Leiden: Brill, Der Traum vom Gottesstaat im The professorship has a twofold scholarly focus: 1 research on the history of pre-modern science, especially scholarly practices in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia; 2 historiography of early ancient scientific sources.

Normative Orders and their changes can be examined in the field of premodern science by analyzing written sources that display formally structured systems of norms. The importance of casuistic procedures, regional and chronological changes and the need for consistency and coherence in their logical structure enable us to describe normative systems in ways that may also be relevant for the study of more recent developments. The development of Egyptian mathematics from the invention of the number system until the Greco-Roman period. The development of ancient Egyptian mathematics can be traced over a period of years against the background of different social and cultural structures.

It can be studied in greatest detail in those periods for which there are extant mathematical texts Middle Kingdom and Greco-Roman periods. In virtue of their procedural character, mathematical texts can be analyzed as algorithms ongoing project. Cluster project. The study, which analyses cuneiform scholarly texts, literate experts and the places where knowledge was accumulated, aims to shed light on the conditions under which knowledge was created in Mesopotamia, the actors involved and the epistemic procedures and instruments that were influential in the emergence, establishment, transmission and development of written knowledge.

The results can be sketched as follows: In a publication that grew out of two workshops from the first term of the Cluster, eight case studies from the areas of Egyptian and Mesopotamian medicine, magic and ritual, astronomy, mathematics and law were undertaken in order to analyze early ancient scientific sources. Since written knowledge was intentionally stored and passed on in both cultures, the paradigms of institutional normative structures can be found by examining those texts.

The individual case studies provide overviews of traditions of texts on some subjects as well as analyses of specific aspects of the sources. Skip to main content. You're using an out-of-date version of Internet Explorer. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. To learn more, view our Privacy Policy. Log In Sign Up. Curriculum Vitae.

Eckart Frahm. Assmann and Prof. Sundermeier at Heidelberg University. Publications A. Beaulieu, W. Horowitz, and J. Also available as E- book. Reviews: H. Reviews: A. Livingstone, ThL , ; J. Gertz, ZAW , ; E. Couto, Historiae 10 , ; J. Glassner, AfO 53 , ; J. Oelsner, OLZ , Reviews: M. Prechel, ZAW , ; J. Glassner, OLZ , ; M. Stol, BiOr 71 , ; F. Reviews: O. Loretz, UF 28 , ; J. Cancik-Kirschbaum, OLZ 95 , Frazer] in preparation. Lassen and K. Also available as E-book. Offers an introduction to Babylonian and Assyrian text commentaries, a searchable catalog, photos of all the tablets, and once the project is completed a full set of lemmatized editions.

Lassen, E. Frahm, and K. Wagensonner ed. Hasegawa et al. Panayotov and L. Gabriel , — DOI: Van Buylaere et al.

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Kotoula, K. Finkelstein, and O. Lipschits, pp. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns. Kratz ed. Prophecy in the Book of Jeremiah. BZAW Barton, John. London: Darton, Longman, and Todd. Joel and Obadiah. Day, pp. Batto, Bernard F. Studies on Women at Mari. Bauks, Michaela. Janowski and B. Ego, pp. Bauks, W. Horowitz, and A. Lange, pp. JAJSup 6. Beal, Richard H. Beaulieu, Paul-Alain. Cuneiform Monographs Becker, Uwe. Jesaja: von der Botschaft zum Buch. Becking, Bob, and Hans M. OTS Beentjes, Pancratius C. Korpel and L. Grabbe, pp. London: Bloomsbury. Beerden, Kim.

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Erkenntnisse und Perspektiven. Blasius, Andreas, and Bernd Ulrich Schipper eds OLA Blenkinsopp, Joseph. Library of Ancient Israel. AB New York: Doubleday. Block, Daniel I. Odell and J. Strong, pp. SBLSymS 9. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature. Blum, Erhard.

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