His 24 Capricci for unaccompanied violin and two concerti for violin and orchestra are especially popular. He also composed various pieces and variations for violin and instrumental ensembles, as well as many guitar pieces. References in periodicals archive? The piece was commissioned by Niccolo Paganini after the famous violinist had acquired himself a Stradivarius viola and wanted a new musical work to highlight the new instrument.
On a fast track. Bernard Rose's "The Deal's Violinist," featuring cellist David Garrett as 19th century Italian virtuoso and composer Niccolo Paganini , recently shot in Bavaria Studios' immense Soundstage 12, bringing s London to life with cobblestone streets, Paganini's lavish two-story townhouse and the Royal Opera House. Bavaria Studios spruces up for a comeback: new and renovated stages, green production topline pitch to producers. Looking back on years of Cunard history. De gira con Luzbel. The material, which is being sold by a vendor who wishes to remain anonymous, is a family tribute to their hero, Niccolo Paganini , who lived from Collecting: Memories of Italy's musical genius for sale.
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Tomorrow's concert will open with Rachmaninov's Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini which was largely inspired by Italian violinist and composer, Niccolo Paganini. But he had a weakness for gambling, womanizing and alcohol, reportedly having a breakdown early in his career due to the latter. Post recovery he returned to Lucca, earning the favor of Napoleon's sister, Princess Elisa Baciocchi, and securing the position of court violinist. He eventually grew restless and returned to the life of a virtuoso, touring Europe, amassing wealth by enchanting audiences with the ferocity or sensitivity of his playing—audiences were said to have burst into tears at his execution of tender passages.
One patron was purportedly so moved by a performance that he gave Paganini a coveted Guarnerius violin. Another vowed he had seen he had seen the devil helping Paganini with a particularly impassioned performance.
Crescendo of the Virtuoso
Paganini's reputation began to take on mythic proportions—he was often mobbed in the streets. His pure talent, showmanship and dedication to his craft was further augmented by possibly two physical syndromes: Marfan's and Ehlers-Danlos—one giving him particularly long limbs, especially fingers, the other giving him extraordinary flexibility.
These certainly would have factored into his exceptional virtuosity, earning him nicknames such as "the Devil's Violinist" and "Rubber Man. Paganini had a few close friends, including composers Gioachino Rossini and Hector Berlioz, who composed Harold en Italie for him, and a mistress with whom he had a son, Achilles, who he later legitimized and left his fortune to.
He moved to Nice, France, to recover, but died there on May 27, Paganini is considered perhaps the greatest violinist that ever lived and his compositions, including 24 Caprices , for violin alone are some of the most complex pieces ever composed for the instrument. They shared an active interest in the guitar, which they both played and used in compositions.
Paganini gave Berlioz a guitar, which they both signed on its sound box. Paganini was in possession of a number of fine stringed instruments. More legendary than these were the circumstances under which he obtained and lost some of them. While Paganini was still a teenager in Livorno , a wealthy businessman named Livron lent him a violin, made by the master luthier Giuseppe Guarneri , for a concert.
Livron was so impressed with Paganini's playing that he refused to take it back.
This particular violin came to be known as Il Cannone Guarnerius. Of his guitars, there is little evidence remaining of his various choices of instrument. The aforementioned guitar that he gave to Berlioz is a French instrument made by one Grobert of Mirecourt. Of the guitars he owned through his life, there was an instrument by Gennaro Fabricatore that he had refused to sell even in his periods of financial stress, and was among the instruments in his possession at the time of his death. There is an unsubstantiated rumour that he also played Stauffer guitars; he may certainly have come across these in his meetings with Giuliani in Vienna.
Paganini composed his own works to play exclusively in his concerts, all of which profoundly influenced the evolution of violin technique. His 24 Caprices were likely composed in the period between and , while he was in the service of the Baciocchi court. Also during this period, he composed the majority of the solo pieces, duo-sonatas, trios and quartets for the guitar, either as a solo instrument or with strings.
These chamber works may have been inspired by the publication, in Lucca, of the guitar quintets of Boccherini. Generally speaking, Paganini's compositions were technically imaginative, and the timbre of the instrument was greatly expanded as a result of these works. Sounds of different musical instruments and animals were often imitated.
One such composition was titled Il Fandango Spanolo The Spanish Dance , which featured a series of humorous imitations of farm animals. Even more outrageous was a solo piece Duetto Amoroso , in which the sighs and groans of lovers were intimately depicted on the violin. There survives a manuscript of the Duetto , which has been recorded.
The existence of the Fandango is known only through concert posters.
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In this, his style is consistent with that of other Italian composers such as Giovanni Paisiello , Gioachino Rossini and Gaetano Donizetti , who were influenced by the guitar-song milieu of Naples during this period. Paganini was also the inspiration of many prominent composers. The Israeli violinist Ivry Gitlis once referred to Paganini as a phenomenon rather than a development. Though some of the techniques frequently employed by Paganini were already present, most accomplished violinists of the time focused on intonation and bowing techniques.
Arcangelo Corelli — was considered a pioneer in transforming the violin from an ensemble instrument to a solo instrument. In the meantime, the polyphonic capability of the violin was firmly established through the Sonatas and Partitas BWV — of Johann Sebastian Bach — Other notable violinists included Antonio Vivaldi — and Giuseppe Tartini — , who, in their compositions, reflected the increasing technical and musical demands on the violinist.
Although the role of the violin in music drastically changed through this period, progress in violin technique was steady but slow. Techniques requiring agility of the fingers and the bow were still considered unorthodox and discouraged by the established community of violinists. During Paganini's study in Parma, he came across the 24 Caprices of Locatelli entitled L'arte di nuova modulazione — Capricci enigmatici or The art of the new style — the enigmatic caprices. Published in the s, they were shunned by the musical authorities for their technical innovations, and were forgotten by the musical community at large.
Around the same time, Durand, a former student of Giovanni Battista Viotti — , became a celebrated violinist. He was renowned for his use of harmonics and the left hand pizzicato in his performance. Paganini was impressed by Durand's innovations and showmanship, which later also became the hallmarks of the young violin virtuoso. Paganini was instrumental in the revival and popularization of these violinistic techniques, which are now incorporated into regular compositions. Another aspect of Paganini's violin techniques concerned his flexibility.
He had exceptionally long fingers and was capable of playing three octaves across four strings in a hand span, an extraordinary feat even by today's standards. His seemingly unnatural ability may have been a result of Marfan syndrome. The Caprice No. The Paganini Competition Premio Paganini is an international violin competition created in in his home city of Genoa and named in his honour.
Heyer Library of Cologne. They are housed at the Biblioteca Casanatense in Rome. In the city of Genoa commissioned a thematic catalogue of music by Paganini, edited by Maria Rosa Moretti and Anna Sorrento, hence the abbreviation "MS" assigned to his catalogued works. A minor planet Paganini discovered in by Soviet astronomer Nikolai Chernykh is named after him. Although no photographs of Paganini are known to exist, in Italian violin maker Giuseppe Fiorini forged the now famous fake daguerreotype of the celebrated violinist.
Abell was led to believe it to be true, reprinting the image in the 22 January issue of the Musical Courier. The series focuses on Paganini's relationship with the Roman Catholic Church. Another Soviet actor, Armen Dzhigarkhanyan , played Paganini's fictionalized arch-rival, an insidious Jesuit official.
The information in the series is generally spurious, and it also plays to some of the myths and legends rampant during the musician's lifetime. One memorable scene shows Paganini's adversaries sabotaging his violin before a high-profile performance, causing all strings but one to break during the concert.
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An undeterred Paganini continues to perform on three, two, and finally on a single string. In actuality, Paganini himself occasionally broke strings during his performances on purpose so he could further display his virtuosity. In Don Nigro 's satirical comedy play Paganini , the great violinist seeks vainly for his salvation, claiming that he unknowingly sold his soul to the Devil.
Music is a question for which there is no answer.