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For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate, he suffered death and was buried, and rose again on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures. He ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father. He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead and his kingdom will have no end. I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father and the Son, who with the Father and the Son is adored and glorified, who has spoken through the prophets. I believe in one, holy, catholic and apostolic Church.

I confess one Baptism for the forgiveness of sins and I look forward to the resurrection of the dead and the life of the world to come. Other typical insignia of many of these prelates are the mitre, the pectoral cross, and the episcopal ring. A bishop usually holds his crosier with his left hand, leaving his right hand free to bestow blessings.

The crucifix is a principal symbol for many Christian groups. The Catholic Church has only male Deacons, who are ordained as a sacramental sign to the Church and to the world of Christ, who came to serve and not to be served. All ordained ministers in the Church are called to functions of Word, Sacrament, and Charity, but bishops, presbyters and deacons exercise these functions in various ways. As ministers of Word, deacons proclaim the Gospel, preach, and teach in the name of the Church. As ministers of Sacrament, deacons baptize, lead the faithful in prayer, witness marriages, and conduct Eucharistic services and funeral services.

They are not ordained to say Mass. But no matter what specific functions a deacon performs, they flow from his sacramental identity. In other words, it is not only what a deacon does, but who a deacon is, that is important. According to our Christian faith, each person possesses a soul that leaves their body at the point of death and goes to an afterlife in heaven or hell. Declaration of Nullity — a canonical judicial declaration that a marriage or matrimonial covenant was invalid from the beginning due to some point of law or actions by the parties involed.

The college of consultors elects an administrator within eight days after the see is known to be vacant. The college must elect as administrator a priest or bishop at least 35 years old. Diocesan archbishop or bishop — an Archbishop or bishop in pastoral charge of an archdiocese as opposed to a titular Archbishop or bishop, whose see is only nominal, not pastoral.

His duties include serving the everyday needs of the people in parishes but their activities are not limited to that of their parish. She was one of the founders of the Discalced barefoot Carmelites religious order. Even before her death in , the devotion to The Divine Mercy had begun to spread.

The message of mercy is that God loves us — all of us — no matter how great our sins. He wants us to recognize that His mercy is greater than our sins, so that we will call upon Him with trust, receive His mercy, and let it flow through us to others. Thus, all will come to share His joy. This devotion was approved by Pope St. John Paul II E. Eastern church leaders in union with Rome. Eastern Catholic Churches — historically called Uniate Churches, are 23 self-governing particular churches in full communion with the Pope, which make up the Catholic Church together with the Latin Church.

Although some theological issues divide them from other Eastern churches, they admit members of the latter churches to the Eucharist and the other sacraments, as governed by canon law. Eclesiastical judge Latin: Judex -, or Judex Ecclesiasticus is an ecclesiastical person who possesses ecclesiastical jurisdiction to deal with issues that come under his church jurisdiction.

Episcopal vicar — is the principal deputy of the bishop of a diocese for the exercise of administrative authority and possesses the title of local ordinary. St Paul in chains writing an Epistle. The epistle genre of letter-writing was common in ancient Egypt as part of the scribal-school writing curriculum. The letters in the New Testament from Apostles to Christians are usually referred to as epistles. Those traditionally attributed to Paul are known as Pauline epistles, those attributed to Peter are known as Petrine or as catholic i.

Eternity -an infinite or an indeterminately long period of time. A circle is commonly used as a symbol for eternity —no beginning or end. Congresses bring together people from a wide area, and typically involve large open-air Masses, Eucharistic adoration Blessed Sacrament , and other devotional ceremonies held over several days. Congresses may both refer to National varies by country and International Eucharistic Congresses. God willing, the next and 52nd International Eucharistic Congress, will take place in Budapest, Hungry in Eucharisic Service — The Church provides a rite for of Eucharistic service outside of Mass when priests are not available to celebrate same.

This type of service is becoming more and more common across the worldwide church and here in Ireland. This rite was approved by Pope Paul in as there was need of it. The Eucharistic Service happens thus: The people gather together to pray, to listen to the Word of God, to pray for the needs of our families and others, to remember the sick dying and dead,To pray the Our Father, exchange the sign of peace, to receive the previously consecrated Holy Communion, finally o pray a blessing for ourselves and our parish.

In short, to worship our God as a parish community. Excardination — Freeing a member of the clergy from one jurisdiction and being transferred to another. Exemption — the whole or partial release of an ecclesiastical person, corporation, or institution from the authority of the ecclesiastical superior. Faith — Trust, belief, confidence, conviction, credence, reliance or dependence in someone or something but it also allows for doubt.

It is numbered amongst the three theological virtues faith, hope and love meaning it is a free gift, infused into us through Divine grace. The theological virtues are so named because the object of these virtues is the divine being itself. Fall of Man — or fall of humankind, the transition of the first human parents from a state of innocent obedience to God, to a state of guilty disobedience to God. Family wage — a wage that is sufficient to raise a family.

Glossary of Terms - jyhoxafi.cf

This contrasts with a living wage, the minimum income necessary for a worker to meet their basic needs which is generally taken to mean a wage sufficient for a single individual to live on, but not necessarily sufficient to also support a family. As a stronger form of living wage, a family wage is likewise advocated by proponents of social justice.

Father in Family — Male parent in a family. In Christianity , God the Father is regarded as the first person of the Holy Trinity, father of all peoples. Each Name and Attribute nourishes a kind of consciousness and humility in man and their study leads one to constantly better their actions. Font — A holy water font or stoup is a vessel containing holy water generally placed near the entrance of a church or home.

These orders rejected the previously established monastic model of living in one stable, isolated community where members worked at a trade and owned property in common, including land, buildings and other wealth. By contrast, the mendicants avoided owning property, did not work at a trade, and embraced a poor, often itinerant lifestyle. They depended for their survival on the goodwill of the people to whom they preached. Full communion — a relationship between church organizations or groups that mutually recognize their sharing the essential doctrines.

Protestants understand full communion a matter of practical relations among denominations that nonetheless fully retain their distinct identities. Funeral — a ceremony for honouring, respecting or sanctifying the life of a person who has died, and usually involves arrangements for the burial or cremation of their corpse. There are Funeral rite books available in www. Catholic funerals services with prayers of intercession, appropriate hymns, but without Mass are becoming more regular. Funeral, Rites, Music — Music is integral to the funeral rites.

It allows the community to express convictions and feelings that words alone may fail to convey. It has the power to console and uplift the bereaved and to strengthen the unity of the assembly in faith and love. While the use of non-sacred music is not encouraged, it may be that the songs requested are not discordant with the Christian message. God — the Supreme Being and principal object of our faith. The concept of God as described by theologians commonly includes the attributes of omniscience infinite knowledge , omnipotence unlimited power , omnipresence present everywhere , omnibenevolence perfect goodness , divine simplicity, and eternal and necessary existence.

Because God is conceived as being invisible from direct sight and not being a corporeal being, God cannot some say should not be portrayed in a literal visual image. Most images reflect how God interacts with the cosmos, earth, nature, and us humans as is reflected in the Holy Scriptures.

The name Jesus is given in Luke and Matthew and in both cases the name is not selected by humans but is received by angelic messages with theological significance, e. Emmanuel Mt The Greek word pneuma, generally translated spirit, is found around times in the New Testament. G race — a prayer. Grace and thanksgiving imparts a blessing which sanctifies or thankful praise. It can be said before or after eating meal. Response : Amen. After : We give you thanks, Almighty God, for all your benefits, who live and reign world without end.

Response Amen. May the souls of the faithful departed, through the mercy of God, rest in peace. According to Roman Catholic teaching, Mary, mother of Jesus, is also said to have been assumed into heaven. Hell — The Roman Catholic Catechism n. It is traditionally depicted as a place of torment and punishment in an afterlife,fiery and painful, inflicting guilt and suffering.

It is said to be the permanent residence of the the fallen Angel Satan, the devil, the great deceiver, the evil one. Hierarchy — bishops, priests and deacons. In the Catholic Church, authority rests chiefly with the bishop, while priests and deacons serve as their assistants, co-workers or helpers. It is also used to refer to bishops alone. The style remains in use as the official style or standard of address in reference to a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, reflecting his status as a Prince of the Church.

His Holiness — a style and form of address for supreme religious leaders, originally and most notably the Pope, Bishop of Rome and the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church. In the medieval period, days off work for the workforce in Catholic countries, consisted of Sundays and single days off on major feasts of the Church. So for the workers holyday, was the same as holiday. The Church has retained a number of its feasts, the major ones are known as Solemnities.

This decision has been confirmed by the Vatican Congregation for Divine Worship. The doors are normally sealed by mortar and cement from the inside so that they cannot be opened. They are ceremoniously opened during Jubilee years designated by the Pope, for pilgrims who enter through those doors may piously gain the plenary indulgences attached with the Jubilee year celebrations. In October , Pope Francis broke with tradition in having each Roman Catholic diocese throughout the world designate one or more local Holy Doors during the Extraordinary Jubilee of Mercy, so that Catholics could gain the plenary indulgences granted during the Jubilee year without having to travel to Rome.

The year came to an end in November It can also refer to a hour of public prayer in a church or shrine with or without the blessed Sacrament exposed. Holy Orders — in the church there are three degrees of sacramental orders: bishop, priest, and deacon. Priests are able to preach, perform baptisms, witness marriages, hear confessions and give absolution, anoint the sick, and celebrate the Eucharist or the Mass. Some priests go on to be chosen to be bishops.

Deacons, whether transitional or permanent, receive faculties to preach, to perform baptisms, and to witness marriages. They may assist at the Eucharist or the Mass, but are not the ministers of the Eucharist. Holy See — the Episcopal jurisdiction of the Bishop of Rome the Pope , and is the preeminent episcopal see of the world wide Catholic Church, forming the central government of the Church. It serves as the central point of reference for the church everywhere and the focal point of communion due to its position as the pre-eminent episcopal see of the universal church.

It traces its origin to the 1st century during the apostolic era, when Saint Peter arrived in Rome to evangelise and form a significant early Christian community of believers there. Today, it is responsible for the governance of all Catholics, organised in their particular Churches, Patriarchates and religious institutes. As an independent sovereign entity, holding the Vatican City enclave in Rome as sovereign territory, it maintains diplomatic relations with an immense number of other states. It is viewed as analogous to a state while administered by the Roman Curia Latin for Roman Court , similar to a centralised government with the Cardinal Secretary of State as its chief administrator, and various dicasteries, comparable to ministries and executive departments.

Holy Water — Holy water is water blessed by a pope, bishop, priest or deacon, and is used to bless oneself, others or other objects. It is also used as a reminder of our baptism. It is used in Catholic Church, Anglican Church, and some Lutheran churches to make the Sign of the Cross using the holy water upon entrance to the church. Holy water is blessed by a priest or a deacon, and many Christians believe it to be a reminder of the baptismal promises.

Many homes have a miniature version. They are addressed as Monsignor and have certain privileges as regards ecclesiastical dress. Hope - latin spes is one of the three theological virtues Faith, Hope and Charity in the Christian tradition. Hope being a combination of the desire for something and expectation of receiving it, it is ultimately the virtue is hoping for Divine union and eternal happiness.

The Christian who hopes seeks God for himself or herself. In technical language, the formal object of theological hope is God-as-possessed. Hypostasis —refers to the union of two natures divine and human, in the one divine person of the Son of God, Jesus Christ.


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They are often referred to as windows to heaven or doorways to the sacred. All the materials are natural and have their spiritual meaning e. Many icons are said to be written rather than painted. Many of us close our eyes when we pray. Praying with icons is an ancient prayer practice that involves keeping our eyes wide open, taking into our heart what the image visually communicates. Look at the Icons you have chosen, or rather, let the Icons look, at you.

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Immaculate Conception — the dogma of the conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the womb of her mother, St Anne , but free from original sin by God in virtue of the foreseen merits of her son Jesus Christ. Institute of consecrated life — institutes or groupings in the Catholic Church whose members profess the evangelical counsels of chastity, poverty, and obedience as vows or other sacred bonds. Institute, Religious — institutes, which are characterized by the public profession of vows, life in common as brothers or sisters, and separation from the world.

In Western Christianity, intercession forms a distinct form of prayer, alongside Adoration, Confession and Thanksgiving. Many of the names of Jesus come from the Gospels directly, others arose from his parables or sayings, others again came later on reflection. His birth name could well have been pronounced Joshua, Yeshua, or even Isho or Isis from the Aramaic.

The Leaven Matthew ; Luke f. The Budding Fig Tree Matt f. Matthew f. The Patch and the Wineskins Matthew f. It is an extraordinary Jubilee because it had not been predetermined long before; usually ordinary jubilees take place every 25 years. The Jubilee was first announced by Pope Francis on March 13, The opening day was also the fiftieth anniversary of the closing of the Second Vatican Council. In prior months it was stressed that the Pontiff wishes the Jubilee to be celebrated not only in Rome but all around the world; for the first time holy doors are going to be opened in many dioceses across the world, either in the main cathedral or in local historical churches.

Other doors have been opened since across the globe. The Catholic Church maintains that St. James says we are justified by works as well as by faith. Is this not a contradiction? Not if we recognize that St. Paul uses it. The purpose of the doctrine is to ensure war is morally justifiable through a series of criteria, all of which must be met for a war to be considered just.

Jesus had asked His disciples who people thought He was. After responding with several of the more popular opinions, Jesus aimed His question directly at His disciples. For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven. And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. Keys are used to lock or unlock doors. In this text, Jesus is laying the foundation of His church Ephesians The disciples will be the leaders of this new institution, and Jesus is giving them the authority to, as it were, open the doors to heaven and invite the world to enter.

Kiss of peace — an ancient traditional Christian greeting. Some congregations do not perform inter-gender holy-kissing. The practice remains a part of the worship in traditional churches where it is often called the kiss of peace, sign of peace, Holy kiss or simply peace or pax.


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Laity — There are estimated to be over one billion Roman Catholics in the world. The majority of these are lay Catholics, also known as the laity, which includes all Roman Catholics, except those who are part of the clergy. These faithful are by baptism made one body with Christ and are constituted among the People of God; they are in their own way made sharers in the priestly, prophetical, and kingly functions of Christ; and they carry out for their own part the mission of the whole Christian people in the Church and in the world.

Such a person is said to have lapsed from all or some of the faith. Last Rites- The Sacrament of the Anointing of the sick is no longer referred to as the last rites or Extreme Unction as its use has been extended to all those who are seriously sick and not just the dying. It is a ritual of healing appropriate not only for physical but also for mental and spiritual sickness. Their number is now much reduced. In the aftermath of the Council of Trent, in and Pope Pius V suppressed the Breviaries and Missals that could not be shown to have an antiquity of at least two centuries. Many local rites that remained legitimate even after this decree were abandoned voluntarily, especially in the 19th century.

In the second half of the 20th century. A few such liturgical rites persist today for the celebration of Mass, since in revised forms, but the distinct liturgical rites for celebrating the other sacraments have been almost completely abandoned. Like other liturgical rites, it developed over time, with newer forms replacing the older. Laws of the Church — Canon Law of the Catholic Church Ecclesiastical Latin: Jus Canonicum is the system of laws and legal principles made and enforced by the hierarchical authorities of the Church to regulate its external organization and government and to order and direct the activities of Catholics toward the mission of the Church.

Lay ecclesial ministers are co-workers with the bishop alongside priests and deacons. A Mass has the important aspect of the Consecration of bread and wine to the body and blood of Christ. It does not treat Scripture as texts to be studied, but as the Living Word. First a passage of Scripture is read, then its meaning is reflected upon. This is followed by prayer and contemplation on the Word of God. Lectionary i s a book or listing that contains a collection of scripture readings appointed for worship on a given day or occasion.

Lecturn — the place or stand from which a lector reads his assigned scripture text. Legion of Mary - Latin: Legio Mariae is an international association of the faithful of the Catholic Church who serve the Church on a voluntary basis. Today between active and auxiliary praying members there are over 10 million members worldwide making it the largest apostolic organization of lay people in the Catholic Church. These countries have between , and , members each. To be in the Legion of Mary, one must be a practicing Catholic.

The main apostolate of the Legion consists in activities directed towards all men and women, young and old, rich and poor as well as people from the margins of society homeless, prostitutes, prisoners etc. The members of the Legion are primarily engaged in the performance of the Spiritual Works of Mercy rather than works of material aid.

It is a speculative idea about the afterlife condition of those who die in original sin. Limbo is not an official doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church nor is it mentioned in the or Cathechism of the Catholic Church. Total Quantity Available: Product Categories: Boards and Councils of Education. About Us. Mission Statement. Board of Directors. Advisory Councils. Advisory Council FAQs.

Corporate Partners. Staff Directory. The missionaries who opened schools in Malaysia gave a solid education framework. The Catholic Church in Pakistan is active in education, managing leading schools in addition to its spiritual work. The Catholic Church runs schools, 53 hostels, 8 colleges, and 7 technical institutes , according to statistics.

The Government of Pakistan nationalised most church schools and colleges in Punjab and Sindh in The Government of Sindh oversaw a denationalization program from to , and the Government of Punjab began a similar program in In , the Federal Government and the courts ordered the provincial governments to complete the denationalization process.

In the Philippines , private schools have been operated by the Catholic Church since the time of Spanish colonization.

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It is the largest single Catholic university in the world. The university was established by the Order of Preachers, also known as the Dominican Order, on April 28, Education gained in these schools is equal to education gained in public schools. The purpose of catholic schools is beside quality education and upbringing to give alternative content of education and upbringing, new methods and forms.

Catholic schools in Ireland are state-aided, rather than state owned. Not all costs of operating, building and maintenance is provided by the central government. Church groups in Ireland privately own most primary and secondary schools. In England and Wales, Catholic schools are either independent , and therefore funded privately through students' fees, or maintained by the state.

The Catholic Education Service CES oversees education for approximately , pupils each year through its 2, maintained schools.

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In addition, some independent schools have a Catholic character. In , Catholic schools in England comprised two-thirds of all religious secondary schools. CCMS represents trustees, schools and governors on issues such as raising and maintaining standards, the schools estate and teacher employment.

As the largest employer of teachers in Northern Ireland teachers , CCMS plays a central role in supporting teachers whether it is through its welfare service or, for example, in working parties such as the Independent Inquiry into Teacher Pay and Conditions of Service. According to the latest figures from Department of Education, N. The number of pupils attending Catholic managed schools is , Like in England and Wales, Catholic schools in Scotland are either independent or state-run and overseen by the Scottish Catholic Education Service, [20] established in as part of the Catholic Education Commission to assist the Bishops' Conference of Scotland in matters pertaining to education.

The Education Act guaranteed the rights of Scottish Catholics to educate their children in local Catholic schools and protected the rights of Catholic schools to preserve their religious character. Today they are known as "denominational schools" and are open to pupils who meet the specified prerequisites regardless of financial situation. The existence of Catholic schools in Canada can be traced to the year , when the first school was founded by the Catholic Recollet Order in Quebec. Most schools in Canada were operated under the auspices of one Christian body or another until the 19th century.

Currently publicly supported Catholic schools operate in three provinces Alberta , Ontario , and Saskatchewan , as well as all three federal territories Northwest Territories , Nunavut , and Yukon to grade 9 only. Publicly funded Catholic schools operate as separate schools in Canada, meaning they are constitutionally protected. The constitutional protection enjoyed by separate schools in Canadian provinces is enshrined in Section 93 of the Constitution. It gives the provinces power over education, but with significant restrictions designed to protect minority religious rights. These restrictions was a result of significant debate between Protestants and Catholics in Canada over whether schools should be parochial or non-denominational.

As opposed to the provinces, the right to separate schools is protected in the three federal territories by the federal Acts of Parliament which establish those territories. Section 93 was the result of constitutional negotiations in the s. Pre-existing rights for tax-funded minority Catholic, and Protestant schools had become a major point for negotiations surrounding Canadian Confederation.

Retention of separate school boards with public funding was a major issue, chiefly as a result of ethnic and religious tension between the largely French-speaking Roman Catholic population in Canada and the largely English-speaking Protestant majority. The issue was a subject of debate at the Quebec Conference and was finally resolved at the London Conference of with a proposal to preserve the separate school systems in Quebec and Ontario. The way in which this agreement was written into the Constitution, was to the effect that the condition of education in each colony or territory at the time it entered Confederation would be constitutionally protected thereafter.

Despite the compromise, the debate over separate Catholic schools continued to be an issue in the new country. Manitoba's adoption of a single, secular school system in resulted in a national political crisis. The Manitoba Schools Question was a political crisis in the s and s, revolving around publicly funded separate schools for Roman Catholics and Protestants in Manitoba. The crisis eventually spread to the national level, becoming one of the key issues in the federal election of Due to the close link between religion and language during this period in Canada, the Schools Question represented a deeper issue of French survival as a language and a culture in Western Canada.

The secular system was upheld, with the guarantee of French instruction later being revoked in , leaving English as the only official language in use in the province until it was reinstated in In the province of Quebec, publicly funded Catholic and Protestant schools were maintained until , when the system was replaced by linguistic-based secular school system, after passing a constitutional amendment that exempted Quebec from certain conditions of Section Newfoundland and Labrador also operated separate schools for several Christian denominations, including Catholics, prior to This school system emerged prior to Newfoundland's entry into Confederation in , and continued until , when the province established a secular public system.

The absence of Catholic-Protestant tensions in the provinces of British Columbia , New Brunswick , Nova Scotia , and Prince Edward Island resulted in no separate school systems emerging in these provinces. Presently, the Ontario Ministry of Education funds 29 English-language Catholic school boards and 8 French-language Catholic school boards in addition to 31 English-language secular school boards, 4 French-language secular school boards, and 1 English-language Protestant school board.

Originally, most of the province's secular school boards were Protestant-based, although it was gradually transformed into a secular public system.

Public funding of Catholic schools was initially provided only to Grade 10 in Ontario. Publicly funded Catholic separate schools are also present in the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan, although they are not as prevalent as in the province of Ontario. The near-exclusive public funding for a single religious denomination in the province of Ontario has garnered controversy in the last few decades.

The controversy led to a Supreme Court decision in that held that the provincial education power under section 93 of the Constitution Act, is plenary, and is not subject to Charter attack. They also noted it was the product of a historical compromise crucial to Confederation and forms a comprehensive code with respect to denominational school rights which cannot be enlarged through the operation of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The issue has garnered criticism internationally. The Committee restated its concerns on November 2, , when it published its Concluding Observations regarding Canada's fifth periodic report under the Covenant.

The Committee observed that Canada had failed to "adopt steps in order to eliminate discrimination on the basis of religion in the funding of schools in Ontario. Catholic schools are the largest non-public school system in the USA. In , 2 million students attended 6, schools. Catholic schools in the USA are significant in that Catholicism is seen to have been critical in developing the American culture.

The number of religious priests, brothers, and sisters was at its highest, allowing schools to offer qualified teachers at minimal costs, meaning that most children in the s and s attended their parish school free of charge. Schools are supported through tuition payments, donations, and fund raising charities. In contrast to its public school counterpart, Catholic urbanization has made more significant achievements in poor areas than wealthier areas.

Holy Angels, for example has become one of the strongest academic institutions in the country; it serves the Kenwood , Oakland neighborhoods of South Side Chicago , Illinois , where 3 out of 4 people live in poverty and violent crime is frequent. In , the Inner-city Scholarship Fund run by the Archdiocese of New York announced the largest-ever gift of private money to Catholic schooling.

In Australia, Catholic schools have been operating for over years.