Manual Les Papes dAvignon (Biographies Historiques) (French Edition)

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This serie of works on paper tries to reconstruct the progress of a march made on July 20, in the gorges of Trevans, commune of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence. This march involved the development of an artistic commission project in the landscape. Various geographic, geological, demographic, meteorological, and certain physiological data of the walker are associated with the shots. Motif V Sans titre Fragments and prototypes, these objects are the work of the artist Denis Morog - and both form the elements of a material and plastic research on texture and light, associated with work on the large architectural scale and thoughts from the material and the processes that constitute it: the concrete and its implementation on site.

Graziella - This work consists of 60 modules 35 x 35 x 7. The oven Anagama, small vaulted architecture formalizes a recumbent chimney in which the raw pieces are arranged for cooking. During the four days of cooking in continuous fire, the rooms are traversed by the flames thus achieving not only its material definition but also the finishes by the flow of flames in the oven.

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Graziella - puts in coherence a series of 60 identical modules which constitute a set arranged horizontally forming a fragmentary monolith. This sculpture would act on the climate of this room of the museum, the mass of clay has the property of passively regulating hygrometry. The passive regulation of hygrometry is superimposed on the artificial one that the museum's air conditioning system allows. Paysage avec un berger This sculpture is a resumption of the "claude glass" or black mirror, an instrument of observation created by the painter Claude Lorrain. The black mirror or mirror of Claude Lorrain is a small mirror, with a slightly convex surface and tinged with a dark color.

Enclosed in a binding similar to that of a sketchbook or held in a holster with cover, this device was in the eighteenth century the tool of artists, travelers and lovers of landscape painting. The function of the black mirror is to present the subject to be treated isolated from its environment and to fold the tones of the pattern, thus allowing a rapid determination of an optimal framing and a better appreciation of the distribution of the values.

This sculpture constitutes a variation. The scale of the object is here more important and its use is sedentary and domestic. The observation here is limited to that of the museum's interior "landscape". The convex geometry of this glass part, initially flat glass sheet, is achieved by thermoforming. The opacity of the glass is obtained by the deposition of the carbon black.

Combustion is also an artisanal operation of making the piece. The sculpture is located in the center of the exhibition hall, former studio of the painter Robert Sauber and facing east, towards Les corniches. Fiducia in Dio This sculpture is the most famous work of this nineteenth century neo-classical sculptor. In , Bartolini was commissioned by Rosa Poldi Trivulzio to create a memorial for her late husband. Les corniches This diptych consists of two silk screen prints restoring an image of Monaco Bay. The point of view of this photograph is similar to that of Le Corbusier, for his sketch, Ici mon cabanon le terrain , ici le prince de Monaco February 15, Le Corbusier draws this sketch from his Cabanon.

Nearby was built 26 years before, the Villa E by Eileen Gray. The new image is taken from the roof of this villa, his point of view also contains a background common to the painting painted by Monet, La baie de Monaco , in NMNM collection. The thermochromic ink has the particularity of being thermosensitive.

This varies reversibly depending on the temperature. Each of the silk screened thermochromic inks evolves at a specific temperature. CMYK black is a standard black ink. A window of this room remains open for the duration of the exhibition. Berger, Acrylic paint on cardboard mounted on oak. Diameter: 40 cm. Courtesy of the artist. Edition of Sans titre Collection Lambert Laurent P. Berger, Series of drawings. Graphite on C to grain.

By observing the sky in the mountains at different altitudes, the naturalist conceived this colored circle based on a blue gradient that served as a meteorological indicator. Its creator speculated that the color of the sky was linked to particles of water vapor suspended in the atmosphere. This piece, composed of 61 values, painted on 3 February in Paris, is the recreation of this formal scientific invention, it gives exclusive measurement tool and representation of the sky at this date.

Chaise Lambert The chair results from the coherent assembly of solid sycamore, the seat's thickness of 3cm and the back's 1,5cm board, with the steel structure, the legs and stiles of which are covered by a 0,25cm layer of the same wood. The association of solid wood on a fine steel structure generates an exchange of forces, giving the finished object its stability and solidity. The wood is therefore not a visual, aesthetic cladding, but a structural element, bracing the chair in three dimensions.

The latter consists of a series of 36 posters, each of which constitutes a combination of two complementary colors, opposite colors in the chromatic circle defined by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Printed in four-color, they are presented on advertising display media in the urban space. The box contains all of these degraded color combinations in progressive "slip". The chromaticity of each of these images is produced successively by the computer tool Adobe Photoshop and the digital printing method in RGB mode called subtractive synthesis.

This new version is determined by the maximum number of pixels the print tool can process. It consisted of a succession of animated and dialogued pictures written for a very wide audience, implementing stories and legends whose imagination and popular belief had been nourished. The supernatural and the realism were side by side.

Sommeil nerveux Sommeil Nerveux is made of a cluster of thirty-six silver-plated and varnished glass balls. This piece formalizes a ceiling lamp hung 1. Sans titre This structure, made with 14 blocks of cellular glass, occupies the diagonal of the space of the gallery. Only the ends of this sculpture are in contact with the architectural elements.

One end rests on the travertine floor, the other rests on the plinth. A solid walnut base allows this structure to cross the cm which separate these two points in resisting the forces of tearing exerted by the tensioning of the blocks between them. Cellular glass is obtained from the fusion of silica, the main component of glass, and graphite, which is used in pencil mines. Le souffle This work consists of a set of 17 objects in blown glass.

It was realized at the international center of glass art of Meisenthal. Each of the objects constitutes simultaneously the unique element of a chromatic progression fragment of the chromatic circle and the singular rejection of an object blown and formed using a single mold for all 17 pieces. This work presents 17 variations of breaking of the object at the output of cane under the random and manual action of the blowers. The blown part inside the mold has been cut and removed. The mold used is from the collection of the art center.

The pigment of color is applied artisanally by the blower, the formation of the glass object is therefore simultaneous with the appearance and the definition of its chromaticism. Sans titre series Laurent P. Berger, Pencil drawing on Bristol Superfine paper, 51 x 51 cm. Private collection.

Reinforced by electric lighting, the natural light penetrates into the space of the gallery and crosses through this inverted prism. Diameter: 25 cm.

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Berger, 31 PAR lamps Watt, metal, electric programmer. Diameter 65 cm, depth: 70 cm. Piece in-situ. Inner diameter cm, outside diameter cm, minimum section 2. It consists of 31 PAR lamps parabolized aluminum reflector with a power of Watts each. The whole forms the upper third of a sphere. The luminous intensity of the first ring of sources, consisting of the 12 peripheral lamps, rises in two minutes and twenty seconds. Thirty seconds after the start of this progression, the luminous intensity of the crown inscribed in the peripheral ring and also constituted by twelve PAR lamps begins to grow to reach the level of the latter.

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Twenty seconds later the intensity of the crown in the previous series, which has six sources, begins to increase and in one minute the intensity of the central source reaches its maximum level. The intensity levels of all sources are equal to two minutes and twenty seconds after the program starts.

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Then, a second cycle starts faster, the maximum intensity is reached in thirty seconds. In the past five seconds, the intensity of all the sources, with the exception of the peripheral ring, decreases. The intensity of the PAR lamps starts to decrease 3. In the time of two seconds the intensity reaches its initial level while the decrease in the intensity of the rest of the sources is carried out in 4.

Created cardinal priest of Ss.

Avignon dans l'histoire de l'Eglise

Nereo ed Achilleo in the consistory of December 23, Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Porto e Santa Rufina, August 22, Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals in June , at the death of his uncle. Paris : E. Repos, , III, Biography , in French, p. No date found , Mortemer, Normandy, France.

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His last name is also listed as Becco, Beton and du Bech. Dean of the church of Saint-Quentin in Normandy. Archdeacon of the cathedral chapter of Paris. Stefano al Monte Celio in the consistory of December 23, August 30, , Avignon. Buried in the chapel of Saint-Michel, which he had founded, situated on left side of choir of the cathedral of Notre-Dame of Paris 1. No date found , diocese of Condom, France. His last name is also listed as Testa. Domestic of Pope Clement V. Archdeacon of the cathedral chapter of Comminges. Legate in England. Ciriaco alle Terme in the consistory of December 23, 2 ; the pope sent him the red hat to England.

Cardinal protoprete in January Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, November 26, until his death. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Albano 3 He founded the Hospital Saint-Jacques. He prepared his will on September 1, Before September 25, 4 , Avignon. Buried no information found. Cardinalivm , II, col. Cardinalium , II, col. Son of Pierre Godin.

Les procureurs des rois de France à la cour pontificale d'Avignon - Persée

His first name is also listed as Villelmo; some sources list him with the second name Petri; his last name is also listed as de Peyre Godin, de Godieu, Godiuus and Godinus. Obtained a doctorate at the University of Paris in Professor of philosophy before ; and of theology in Provincial of his order in Provence, July 21, First provincial of his order in Toulouse, September 28, Master of the Sacred Palace in Rome in Cecilia in the consistory of December 23, On November 22, , he obtained the license to make a will.

Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Sabina, September 12, ; retained his title in commendam until his death. Named legate in Spain in ; he presided the Council of Valladolid in August Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals in November In , in Avignon, he consecrated Raymond Bequin, patriarch of Jerusalem. He authored a collection of papal documents. Rebuilt the Dominican churches of Bayonne and Avignon. June 4, , Avignon. Buried in front of the main altar in the church of the Dominicans in Toulouse, which he had rebuilt 1.

Paris : Picard, Note: Added t. His first name is also listed as Vidal; and his last name as da Furno. Started medical studies at the University of Montpellier. Entered the Order of the Friars Minor Franciscans. Studied theology in Paris between and , under Jacques du Quesnoy first, and then under Raimond Rigaut; obtained a baccalaureate; and the title of magister in Lector of theology at Studium of the order in Montpellier in Returned to Paris to study under Jacques du Quesnoy from to Lector of theology at Toulouse, Provincial of his order in Aquitaine from until He was counselor of popes, preacher, controvertist and polemicist.

In August , he responded to the Rotulus of Uberto da Casale; and in , at the request of the pope, he refuted the thesis of Bonagrazia da Bergamo relative to the controversy over poverty. He was prior of the monasteries of Saint-Mont and d'Eauze. Silvestro e Martino ai Monti in the consistory of December 23, Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Albano in June He was legate in several occasions and received several prebends, especially in France.

He fell in disgrace with the pope in because in the matter of poverty he embraced the view of his order, which was opposed to that of the pontiff; at the end, he submitted himself to the papal authority. But pope Innocent XII abolished nepotism and the office of Legate in Avignon on February 7, , handing over its temporal government in to the Congregation of Avignon i. This congregation, to which appeals were made from the decisions of the vice-legate, was united to the Congregation of Loreto within the Roman Curia; in the vice-legate was made president, thus depriving it of almost all authority.

It was done away with under Pius VI on June 12, The Public Council, composed of 48 counselors chosen by the people, four members of the clergy, and four doctors of the university, met under the presidency of the viquier Occitan for vicar, i. Their duty was to watch over the material and financial interests of the city; but their resolutions were to be submitted to the vice-legate for approval before being put in force.

Three consuls, chosen annually by the Council, had charge of the administration of the streets. From the fifteenth century onward, it became the policy of the Kings of France to unite Avignon to their kingdom. The king's troops were not withdrawn until his favorite had been made a cardinal. In return for the reception accorded him by the people of Avignon, Francis granted them the same privileges as those enjoyed by the French, especially being eligible for offices of state. In , Louis XIV, due to an attack led by the Corsican Guard on the attendants of his ambassador in Rome, seized Avignon, which was declared an integral part of the Kingdom of France by the provincial Parliament of Provence.

Nor was the sequestration raised until after Cardinal Chigi had made an apology in Another attempt at occupation made in , without success, was followed by a long period of peace, lasting until A French party grew up which, during the French Revolution, induced the Constituent Assembly to decree the union of Avignon with France on September 14, On June 25, , Avignon and Comtat-Venaissain were integrated, along with the former principality of Orange, to form the present republican Vaucluse Department. Article 5 of the Treaty of Tolentino February 19, definitively sanctioned the annexation, stating that "The Pope renounces, purely and simply, all the rights to which he might lay claim over the city and territory of Avignon, and the Comtat Venaissin and its dependencies, and transfers and makes over the said rights to the French Republic.

On May 30, , the French annexation was recognized by the Pope. Consalvi made an ineffectual protest at the Congress of Vienna in , but Avignon was never restored to the Holy See. The town had significant religious status from ancient times. Traditionally, Saint Rufus, a disciple of Saint Paul, and Saint Justus were venerated in antiquity as bishops of that see. At least in tradition if not in history, it was thus the seat of a bishop as early as the year 70 C. The first bishop of Avignon known to history is Nectarius, who took part in several councils about the middle of the fifth century.

Magnus was a Gallo-Roman senator who became a monk and then bishop of the city. His son, Saint Agricol, bishop between and , is the patron saint of Avignon. Several synods of minor importance were held there, and its university, founded by Pope Boniface VIII in , and famed as a seat of legal studies, flourished until the French Revolution. The Archdiocese of Avignon still exercises canonic jurisdiction over the department of Vaucluse. In , Avignon was reduced to the rank of a bishopric and was made a suffragan see of Aix.

The Archdiocese of Avignon was re-established in In , the Archdiocese of Avignon had , inhabitants, 29 cures parishes of the first class , parishes of the second class, and 47 vicariates. In , as part of the reshuffling of the ecclesiastic provinces of France, Avignon came under the supervision of the Archdiocese of Marseilles, while nevertheless keeping its rank of archdiocese.

It is in a fertile district, trading in the products from its flour mills, distilleries, oil works and leather works, soap manufacture, chemicals and liquorice, and is well known for its sarsnet a fine soft silk fabric often used for linings and other fabrics.