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Many forensic toxicologists obtain a graduate degree such as a graduate degree in toxicology. The world of banking, as secure is it is, cannot deflect all corruption. Forgeries occur, and conniving people find ways to steal money through fraud. A fraud analyst is the detail-oriented person who knows how to get to the bottom of suspicious banking activities. A fraud analyst works for a bank to follow a trail of clues back to the individuals who steal money or identities from banking customers. He may comb through transactions or compare spending habits.

This position requires an ability to focus on complex data and make solid, educated deductions. Fraud analyst educational requirements: Although no specific field of study is required, fraud analysts typically have a bachelor degrees in computer science, finance, banking or a related field. When a large company is responsible for losing financial and credit card information of its customers to thieves, law enforcement agencies hire a fraud analyst to explore how this may have happened.

Gambling Harm and Crime Careers.

A fraud analyst may also act as an advisor to a company to help prevent the occurrence of such a scenario. This is a very dynamic occupation as it hinges on knowing the most cutting edge tactics used by criminals who study how to invade systems in order to steal information. In addition, while needing to know the ins and outs of such systems, a fraud investigator may interview suspects out in the field and interact with law enforcement agencies on a regular basis. A good mind for logical thinking and an ability to analyze data are important qualities to have in this line of work.

Fraud investigator educational requirements: A minimum of a bachelor's degree is generally necessary to become a fraud investigator. Fraud investigators obtain a bachelor degree in an area such as economic crime, fraud management, accounting, criminal justice, law, or business administration. This is a job requiring a sense of commitment to a community and a law enforcement agency. An ability to assess situations quickly and see patterns in human behavior remains at the core of this job description. A homicide detective should expect to work long and odd hours. He must be able to withstand the pressures of a very demanding job which often places him in precarious situations.

Homicide detective educational requirements: The minimum education requirements include a high school diploma, law enforcement certification, and experience as a law enforcement officer. Many agencies, however, require homicide detectives have at least a two-year or a four-year degree in criminal justice, forensic science, or a related field, and experience as a sworn law enforcement officer. Try being an ICE agent. ICE stands for U. Immigration and Customs Enforcement. ICE agents are often the people apprehending criminals who bring illegal guns or drugs into the U.

In short, they are responsible for preventing smuggling of all sorts between U. This also includes preventing illegal aliens from entering the United States. An ICE agent should expect to work long and often irregular hours which can involve overtime pay. The person who takes on this position should be comfortable working with firearms and confronting suspicious individuals. A very specific focus of the immigration enforcement IEA agent is to detain and expel foreigners who violate U.

The actions an IEA agent may take include pursuing and physically overpowering drug smugglers or terrorists. Once an IEA details a suspect, he may have to process and transport the individual. An IEA agent learns all the protocols which accompany working with prisoners and at times may learn a foreign language.

Immigration enforcement agent educational requirements: The minimum requirement for an immigration enforcement agent at the GS-5 level is a bachelor's degree or professional experience equivalent to three years as a GS-4 federal law enforcement officer. A bachelor's degree is the standard for federal positions.

An information security officer ISSO is the firewall expert who knows how to assess and protect security systems for organizations. This career calls for a person who enjoys keeping up to speed on the latest technological advancements in building and adjusting network security. This may include protecting government agencies against any sort of internet based invasion by terrorists. An ISSO may also make sure the system he is responsible for is updated and meets all the criteria for certification.

Information security officer educational requirements: They typically need at least a bachelor's degree in computer science, computer programming, computer engineering, or a similar area. Some organizations may require a graduate degree in business administration with an information systems concentration.

This position, despite the title, entails more than an ability to file and keep individual prison records. An inmate records keeper often has a college degree and specializes in keeping track of the activities within an entire prison. He may adjust prison sentences based on inmate behavior and other factors. An inmate records keeper holds a steady watch on other aspects, as well. He may oversee job duties or make recommendations to the IT staff.

Careful documentation is, of course, central to this job. Inmate records coordinators understand human behavior patterns and must be able to predict how well a prisoner will take to being released. A prison inmate records coordinator must be comfortable spending a great deal of time with people who commit crimes and must be vigilant and prepared for outburst or violent behavior. When you think of an inspector general investigator, think about honesty and integrity.

An inspector general investigator is a neutral person who works to locate and eliminate any sort of fraud or inefficiency within a given governmental department. His main objective is to look into programs and operations in order to reestablish or maintain that all members are working with integrity and ethics. He may look into financial records or other aspects of departmental activities to ensure no abuse is taking place.

Inspector general educational requirements: An inspector general should have at least a high school diploma and five years of experience, an associate's degree and three years of experience, or a bachelor's degree and one year of experience. Typically a degree in any area suffices. When tax evasion moves from being an oversight and becomes a deliberate act, the Internal Revenue Service or IRS sends in a criminal investigator. The issues an IRS criminal investigator evaluates usually fall into categories such as money laundering and fraud.

In order to locate the tax money owed to the U. An IRS criminal investigator has a great ability to analyze and interpret complex financial data. IRS Criminal investigator educational requirements: Typical qualifications for an IRS criminal investigator include: GS an associate's degree or two years of vocational training; GS a bachelor's degree or four years of pre-professional education; GS completion of a year of graduate education, bachelor's degrees with superior academic achievement, or five years of pre-professional education; GS Master's degree or two years of graduate-level training.

They investigate alleged misconduct or illegal activities involving IRS employees or other people, including activities such as attempts to bribe or corrupt employees. They also investigates assaults or threats made against IRS employees. They also perform background investigations of prospective IRS employees.

Understanding Criminal Careers - CRC Press Book

Internal revenue internal security inspector educational requirements: Applicants must have completed four years of college level study or three years of closely related experience or an equivalent of education and experience. What are those guys sitting in the big black van doing while an undercover detective interacts with a gang of criminals? Who sets up the hidden cameras to capture suspects in the act of breaking and entering?

The investigative specialist is the brains behind the technology investigators use as evidence. An investigative specialist must not only understand and implement the technology used during eavesdropping, he must also be able to maintain a steady watch over the suspected activities and interpret the findings. An investigative specialist must have a great deal of patience and know when to act and when to remain quiet. This is a job which requires a combination of patience, technological savvy, and a clear understanding of how to interpret human behavior.

Investigative specialist educational requirements: An investigative specialist should earn an associate's degree in criminal justice or two years of college study with a major in criminal justice, criminology, or a related field. As a prison structure ages or as more inmates are moved into a facility, a jail inspector oversees any repairs or accommodation adjustments. They're responsible for making sure a prison facility meets the standard requirements for housing prisoners safely and humanely. Along with understanding the fluctuations of population in prisons and the flow of activity around the facility, a prison inspector must also make recommendations for change based on budgets.

Good analytical and financial skills are a must in this career. Jail inspector educational requirements: A jail inspector needs to complete undergraduate core coursework in criminal justice or a related field. A jail screener specializes in adjusting prison sentences and processing inmates. They base their assessments on inmate behavior and other factors such as test interpretations and even budgetary issues.

Jail screeners stay current on the privacy of prison inmates and interact with them in a variety of instances. Careful documentation is central to this job. The person who takes on this career, understands human behavior patterns and must be able to predict how well a prisoner will take to being released. Jail screener educational requirements: A jail screener may seek an associate's degree with a focus in criminal justice, sociology, psychology, social work, or related field.

When a teenage boy or girl finds trouble with the law, a juvenile probation officer JPO becomes involved. A juvenile probation officer wears many hats. He may have as many as young people to follow as they make their ways back into society. A juvenile probation officer may make home visits or meet with young people in his office as they report back to him about the progress made in school, community service, or court appearances.

He may have late night phone calls when emergencies arise. Juvenile probation officers should be emotionally ready to see the best and the worst in young people struggling to find a path in life. Juvenile probation officer educational requirements: They usually work for the state and most states require a minimum of a bachelor's degree in criminal justice, social work, psychology, education, or human services.

Others may require a master's degree or a predetermined length of experience as a probation officer in lieu of an advanced degree.

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How many people were injured at a work site? How can a company save money implementing staff training to cut excessive exposure to dangerous circumstances? Risk management is the important concept powering the career of a loss control specialist. A loss control specialist conducts an organizational evaluation to determine where money is lost through safety-related issues. A control loss specialist may get involved in issues such as the fire safety of structures and ensuring the protocols for emergency evacuations are up-to-date.

A loss control specialist job often requires travel and frequent appearances at various facilities where the loss control specialist completes inspections. Loss control specialist educational requirements: A loss control specialist may obtain a bachelor's degree in criminal justice or a related field. At times, employer accept an equivalent combination of education and experience. When a legal dispute can be solved amicably through mediation, everyone wins. A mediator can assist two parties having a dispute and save everyone money through collaboration and compromise rather than using lawyers.

Criminal Justice Career Interviews

Although most legal disputes are not always agreeable, the best mediators know how to balance agreements and see both sides of the picture to create an agreeable settlement. A mediator position requires a deep understanding of the legal areas in which a mediator specializes. In addition, a mediator must be able to conduct herself in a calm and collected manner in order to achieve an atmosphere of cooperation between her clients. Mediator educational requirements: A mediator typically completes a two-year master's program in dispute resolution, conflict management, or a doctoral program.

If flushing out the distributors of illegal drugs in your town, county, or country sounds like an exciting or satisfying job, look into a narcotics officer job. Narcotics officers look into drug trafficking routes or investigate drug rings with other agents. This job requires working long hours in dangerous situations; however, it may also include a great deal of report writing and attention to detail when presenting evidence. Narcotics officer educational requirements: Typically, narcotics officers have the same educational requirements as regular police officers.

According to the U. Bureau of Labor Statistics, some agencies might require a bachelor's degree while others require only a high school diploma. Many law enforcement agencies require a narcotics enforcement officer to have a two or a four year degree, preferably with a major in police science or criminology. This term covers a number of responsibilities related to keeping NSA facilities secure. NSA police officers may work in routine positions such as regulating pedestrian or automobile traffic on a specific site.

Other positions may take on the responsibilities of handling critical incidents or firearms training. An NSA police officer must pass drug testing and demonstrate a strong ethical character as well as commit to serving the NSA with loyalty. An NSA police officer with a history of military experience or work experience applicable to the duties of NSA police officers may have an advantage. When a prisoner goes AWOL after released from jail, a parole officer may be at fault. A parole officer remains in charge of a number of released inmates for a designated period of time.

The parole officer must diligently check up on the individuals under his supervision to make certain each one behaves according to dictates established by the courts. A parole officer keeps tabs on where a newly released prisoner goes in order to prevent a relapse into the life of crime.

A parole officer position requires excellent organizational skills for completing and filing paperwork. Additionally, parole officers need excellent communication skills. They need to be comfortable working with potentially dangerous people who are tempted to break the law. Parole officer educational requirements: A parole officer typically completes coursework for a bachelor's degree in criminal justice, psychology, social work, or related field. Exempt from wearing the traditional police officer uniform, police detectives work to solve particular cases assigned to them.

A police detective may specialize in a specific category of crime such as theft or homicide. This position represents a step up from the entry level position of police officer and requires a person aspiring to become a police detective to first spend time in uniform. A police detective displays strong analytical skills and has a deep understanding of law and protocol at crime scenes. Police officers are excellent record keepers and do not flinch in the face of danger.

Police detective educational requirements: A high school diploma is the minimum education required for this job; though completing a degree program in criminal justice or a related field may have some career benefits. Most law enforcement agencies prefer candidates that have at least an associate's degree in an area such as criminology, sociology, psychology, or criminal investigation. Those with a bachelor's degree in one of these areas may have an advantage on their competitors.

The duties of a police officer range from providing safety within a community to offering citizens comfort during distress to educating school children on issues of drug abuse. A police officer may work to enforce traffic regulations, or he may work alongside a K-9 companion working to locate hidden drugs.

Police officers may work long hours. A certain degree of comfort confronting suspicious persons is a must as is the ability to witness violent crime scenes. Police officers should have integrity as well as the ability to write clear reports and recount details accurately when asked to deliver testimony at a trial. Police officer educational requirements: The educational requirements vary by state and, in most cases, by city department. The minimal level of education is typically a high school diploma or a G. D certification. However, many departments around the country require at least a couple of years of college coursework, such as an associate's degree in criminal justice.

A prison warden holds a very powerful position in a very dangerous facility. A prison warden oversees the entire scope of a prison facilities operations. He does more during a day than just monitor who is released or incarcerated. A prison warden must have an understanding of the budgetary issues regarding prison upkeep and maintenance as well as keeping his finger on the pulse of the infirmary, cafeteria, grounds and staff. A prison warden has an excellent understanding of psychology and is a good communicator with a strong sense of order and discipline. Prison warden educational requirements: The job typically requires a bachelor's degree in criminology, criminal justice, administration of justice, social work, or other in other relevant subjects.

He plays a vital role getting information for individuals, law offices and corporations. Private investigators often have histories of police service and are required to have licenses to function legally. This position requires an ability to solve mysteries through the use of logical thinking skills. A private investigator creates a business and keeps track of expenses as well as organizes information gathered for clients. Private investigator educational requirements: While there is no formal education process to becoming a private investigator, a degree in criminal justice might be beneficial.

If a child's custody hangs in the balance, a probate officer arrives to settle the matter. Skilled in the evaluation of the ability of a parent or foster parent to care for a child, a probate officer makes a recommendation to the courts.

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These recommendations often require ensuring a guardian is using government funds correctly or adjusting circumstances so a child receives proper medical attention. This job requires a deep understanding of custody laws as well as sensitivity to how changes affect the lives of young people. Probate investigator educational requirements: A probate investigator often holds a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree in science, social science, behavioral science, liberal arts, or nursing. A probation officer, unlike a parole officer, oversees individuals who receive probation instead of incarceration.

In lieu of reporting to a probation officer, these individuals avoid prison but are still bound to make visits to a probation officer to supervise their activities. A probation officer in many ways behaves as a counselor who helps struggling individuals stay on track with work or community service or drug addiction rehabilitation.

A probation officer needs good communication skills. Probation officer educational requirements: Typically, probation officers work for the state or, in some cases, for the federal government. They usually must have a bachelor's degree in criminal justice, sociology, psychology, or a related field. For federal positions or for more advanced positions, a candidate might need a master's degree in one of those fields, in social work, or in counseling. While understanding the pitfalls of helping troubled individuals improve their lives, a probation officer supervisor spends a great deal of time managing a team of probation officers who may come to her for advice or support.

In addition, a probation officer supervisor manages case flows and time sheets. She also keeps up to speed on the most recent regulations and policy changes. While being an excellent communicator is crucial to her job, a probation officer supervisor must also be an excellent administrator. Probation officer supervisor educational requirements: Employers typically require at least a bachelor's degree. They label and store belongings until the prisoner is released.

A property room technician determines if certain items are retained or discarded. He may also have the job of preparing items for trial. A property room technician should be an honest person with good organizational skills. Property room technician educational requirements: A high school education or equivalent suffices. This is one person you do not want knocking at your door. A revenue enforcement specialist collects delinquent taxes. She helps people with outstanding tax payments figure out a way to make the payments.

A revenue enforcement specialist need to understand the rules and regulations regarding taxes. A good understanding of mathematics combined with sensitivity for people in financial crisis is a handy quality. Revenue enforcement specialist educational requirements: A revenue enforcement specialist typically need a bachelor's or advanced degree in business or finance.

Comparable qualifications include degrees in accounting, banking, insurance, real estate, economics, taxation, criminal justice, law enforcement, criminology, law, legal assistant studies, paralegal studies. At times a paralegal certificate is also acceptable. They develop, coordinate and evaluate security programs for organizations. Security coordinators make sure programs are effective and they determine if additional resources are requires. The position requires a deep understanding of security systems.

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Security coordinators may also be involved with organizing efforts with police departments or other agencies in the event of disasters or other events which threaten the assets they keep safe. Security coordinator educational requirements: A security coordinator should earn an associate's degree in criminal justice or security. Some employers prefer a bachelor's degree. Does a life dedicated to protecting the lives of dignitaries sound interesting?

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Or perhaps you would rather work in the area of unraveling a fraud investigation for the government. A secret service agent has potential to do both of these jobs as well as a variety of others which involve protection and investigation. A secret service agent must undergo a personal background check and may need to speak or learn a foreign language. In many cases this job exposes a secret service agent to danger as well as to circumstances which involve travel.

A secret service agent should be prepared to carry a weapon. They need to learn the protocols which involve protection of individuals or government properties at the highest level. Secret service agent educational requirements: A secret service agent typically has a bachelor's degree or three years of criminal investigation or police experience. Protectors of local highways and byways, state troopers have a great responsibility to ensure drivers stick to the rules of the road. State troopers may be involved in basic activities such as monitoring speeds at roadsides or handling the aftermath of collisions.

At times they may pursue dangerous criminals who are driving at breakneck speeds. In any case, state troopers must use excellent judgment when addressing an individual who has broken the law. Attention to detail and an ability to clearly document and write reports is central to this job. State trooper educational requirements: Some positions require an associate's degree in criminal justice or in a relevant field. Some government agencies may prefer a bachelor's degree.

Saving lives through compassion and tough love, a substance abuse counselor can help implement a step program in an alcoholic's life. From: Home Office.

LAW121 - Criminal Justice System

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Explore the topic Crime prevention. Is this page useful? Maybe Yes this page is useful No this page is not useful Is there anything wrong with this page? Thank you for your feedback. What were you doing? What went wrong? Elder G Jr The life course paradigm: social change, and individual development. Gottfredson DC Schools and delinquency. Rand, Santa Monica Google Scholar. Horney J, Osgood DW, Marshall IH Criminal careers in the short-term: intra-individual variability in crime and its relation to local life circumstances. Am Sociol Rev — Google Scholar. In: Tonry M ed Crime and justice: an annual review of research, vol 23, pp.

Moffitt TE Adolescence-limited and life-course-persistent antisocial behavior: a developmental taxonomy. Psychol Rev — Google Scholar. Vict Offenders — Google Scholar.